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Part IX – Cardiovascular Disease in Special Populations

Chapter 80 – Cardiovascular Disease in the Elderly

Janice B. Schwartz,
Douglas P. Zipes

  DEMOGRAPHICS AND EPIDEMIOLOGY, 1727
  PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, 1728
  MEDICATION THERAPY: MODIFICATIONS FOR THE OLDER PATIENT, 1729
  Loading Doses of Medications, 1730
  Chronic Medication Administration, 1730
  Adverse Drug Events and Drug Interactions, 1731
  Inappropriate Prescribing in the Elderly, 1733
  Adherence, 1734
  Medicare D, 1734

  VASCULAR DISEASE, 1735
  Hypertension, 1735
  Coronary Artery Disease, 1737
  Carotid Artery Disease and Stroke, 1741
  Peripheral Artery Disease, 1744

  HEART FAILURE, 1745
  ARRHYTHMIAS, 1748
  Sinus Node Dysfunction, 1749
  Atrioventricular Conduction Disease, 1749
  Atrial Arrhythmias, 1749
  Ventricular Arrhythmias, 1749
  Syncope, 1750

  VALVULAR DISEASE, 1750
  Aortic Valve Disease, 1750
  Aortic Regurgitation, 1751
  Mitral Annular Calcification, 1752
  Mitral Stenosis, 1752
  Mitral Regurgitation, 1752
  Additional Considerations in the Elderly, 1752

  FUTURE DIRECTIONS, 1752
  REFERENCES, 1753