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Chapter 72 – Cardiovascular Abnormalities in HIV-Infected Individuals

Stacy D. Fisher,
Steven E. Lipshultz

  BACKGROUND, 1618
  LEFT VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION, 1618
  Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, 1618
  Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction, 1621

  PERICARDIAL EFFUSION, 1621
  OTHER DISORDERS, 1622
  Infective Endocarditis, 1622
  Nonbacterial Thrombotic Endocarditis, 1623
  Cardiovascular Malignancy, 1623
  Isolated Right Ventricular Disease, 1623
  Pulmonary Hypertension, 1623
  Vasculitis, 1624
  Accelerated Atherosclerosis, 1624
  Autonomic Dysfunction, 1624
  Long-QT Interval, 1624

  COMPLICATIONS OF THERAPY FOR HIV, 1625
  Complications in Adults, 1625
  Perinatal Transmission and Vertically Transmitted HIV Infection, 1625
  Monitoring Recommendations, 1625

  REFERENCES, 1627
Background

Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is one of the leading causes of acquired heart disease and specifically of symptomatic heart failure and pulmonary arterial hypertension (Table 72-1). Cardiac complications of HIV infection tend to occur …