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Chapter 14 – Exercise Stress Testing

Bernard R. Chaitman

  EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY, 168
  Patient's Position, 168
  Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing, 168

  EXERCISE PROTOCOLS, 170
  Static Exercise, 170
  Dynamic Exercise, 170

  ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENTS, 172
  Lead Systems, 172
  ST-Segment Displacement, 172

  NONELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC OBSERVATIONS, 177
  EXERCISE TEST INDICATIONS, 178
  Diagnostic Use of Exercise Testing, 178
  Exercise Testing in Determining Prognosis, 179
  Cardiac Arrhythmias and Conduction Disturbances, 184
  Specific Clinical Applications, 186

  SAFETY AND RISKS OF EXERCISE TESTING, 189
  TERMINATION OF EXERCISE, 190
  REFERENCES, 190
  GUIDELINES, 192

Exercise is a common physiologic stress used to elicit cardiovascular abnormalities not present at rest and to determine the adequacy of cardiac function.[1-14]Exercise electrocardiography is one of the most frequent noninvasive modalities used to assess patients with suspected or proven cardiovascular disease. The test is mainly used to estimate prognosis and determine …