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CHAPTER 37 – Nephrolithiasis

David A. Bushinsky,
Fredric L. Coe,
Orson W. Moe

  Introduction, 1299
  Epidemiology, 1299
  Human Genetics, 1300
  Familial Aggregation, 1301
  Inheritance Pattern, 1301
  Twin Studies, 1301
  Association and Linkage, 1301
  Pathogenesis, 1302
  Saturation, 1302
  Clinical Manifestations, 1305
  Pain, 1305
  Hematuria, 1305
  Loin Pain Hematuria Syndrome, 1305
  Asymptomatic Stone Disease, 1305
  Clinical Evaluation, 1305
  Basic Evaluation, 1306
  Comprehensive Evaluation, 1308
  General Therapy, 1308
  Fluid Intake, 1308
  Salt Intake, 1309
  Protein Intake, 1309
  Calcium Intake, 1309
  Recurrence after a Single Stone, 1310
  Calcium Stones, 1310
  Idiopathic Hypercalciuria, 1310
  Genetic Causes of Hypercalciuria, 1319
  Primary Hyperparathyroidism, 1319
  Hyperoxaluria, 1326
  Hypocitraturia, 1328
  Hyperuricosuria, 1331
  Calcium Phosphate Stones and Renal Tubular Acidosis, 1332
  Uric Acid Stones, 1333
  Epidemiology, 1334
  Pathogenesis and Etiology, 1335
  Diagnosis and Evaluation, 1336
  Treatment, 1337
  Struvite Stones, 1337
  Urease-Producing Bacteria, 1338
  Therapy,