Full-size Left-side Hidden
REFERENCES

1. Cook GC: Tropical gastroenterological problems.   In: Cook G, ed. Manson's Tropical Diseases,  20th edn.. London: WB Saunders; 1998:29-30.

2. Beighton D, Edgar WN: Dental caries: aetiology and pathogenesis.   In: Arens U, ed. Oral Health: Diet and Other Factors,  Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1999.

3. Burt BA, Ismail AL: Diet, nutrition and food cariogenicity. J Dent Res  1986; 65:S1475-S1484.

4. Winter GB: Maternal nutritional requirements in relation to the subsequent development of teeth in children. J Hum Nutr  1976; 30:93-99.

5. Alvarez JO, Navia JM: Nutritional status, tooth eruption and dental caries: a review. Am J Clin Nutr  1989; 49:417-426.

6. Rugg-Gunn AJ: Nutrition and Dental Health,  Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1993.

7. Department for International Development : Eliminating World Poverty: Making Globalisation Work for the Poor. White Paper on International Development,  London, Stationery Office, 2000.

8. Frencken JE, Pilot T, Songpaisan Y, et al: Atraumatic restorative treatment (ART): rationale, technique and development. J Public Health Dent  1996; 56:135-140.

9. Holmgren CJ, Lo ECM, Hu DY, et al: ART restorations and sealants placed in Chinese schoolchildren: results 3 years. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol  2000; 28:314-320.

10. Hansel-Petersson G, Bratthal D: The caries decline: a review of reviews. In dental caries: intervened-interrupted-interpreted. Suppl Eur J Oral Sci  1996; 104:436-443.

11. Adyatmaka A, Sutopo U, Carlsson P, et al: School-Based Primary Preventive Programme of Children,  Geneva, World Health Organization, 1998.

12. Pilot T: The periodontal disease problem: a comparison between industrialised and developing countries. Int Dent J  1998; 48(3 suppl 1):221-232.

13. Ali RW, Johannessen AC, Dahlen G, et al: Comparison of the subgingival microbiota of periodontally healthy and diseased adults in northern Cameroon. J Clin Periodontol  1997; 24(11):830-835.

14. Miyazaki H: A global overview of periodontal epidemiology.   In: Pack ARC, Newman HN, ed. Periodontal Needs of Developing Nations. International Academy of Periodontology Symposium, 4 June 1995,  Northwood: Science Reviews; 1996:1-7.

15. Petersen PE, Ogawa H: Strengthening the prevention of periodontal disease: The WHO Approach. J Periodontol  2005; 76(12):2187-2193.

16. Darout IA, Albandar JM, Skaug N: Periodontal status of adult Sudanese habitual users of miswak chewing sticks or toothbrushes. Acta Odontol Scand  2000; 58(1):25-30.

17. WHO : Manual of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death (based on the recommendations of the ninth revision conference),  Geneva, World Health Organization, 1977.

18. Scully C, Bedi R: Ethnicity and oral cancer. Lancet Oncol  2000; 1:37-42.

19. Parkin DM, Pisani P, Ferlay J: Estimates of the worldwide incidence of 25 major cancers in 1990. Int J Cancer  1999; 80:827-841.

20. International Agency for Research on Cancer : IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Tobacco Smoking, Vol. 38. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 1986.

21. International Agency for Research on Cancer : IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks of Chemicals to Humans.  Tobacco Habits Other than Smoking: Betel Quid and Areca Nut Chewing and some Related Nitrosamines, Vol. 37. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 1986.

22. Sankarnarayanan R, Black RJ, Swaminathan R, et al: An overview of cancer survival in developing countries.   In: Sankarnarayanan R, Black RJ, Parkin DM, ed. Cancer Survival in Developing Countries,  Lyon: Oxford University Press; 1998:135-157.IARC Scientific Publication No. 145

23. Van Wyk CW, Stander I, Padayachee A, et al: The areca nut chewing habit and oral squamous cell carcinoma in South African Indians: a retrospective study. S Afr Med J  1993; 83:425-429.

24. Mathew B, Sankaranarayanan R, Sunilkumar K, et al: Reproducibility and validity of oral visual inspection by trained health workers in the detection of oral cancer and precancer. Br J Cancer  1997; 76:390-394.

25. Fernandez Garrote L, Sankaranarayanan R, Lence Anta JJ, et al: An evaluation of the oral cancer control program in Cuba. Epidemiology  1995; 6:428-431.

26. Gupta PC, Mehta FS, Pindborg JJ, et al: Primary prevention trial of oral cancer in India: a 10 year follow-up study. J Oral Pathol Med  1992; 21:433-439.

27. Martin GC, Brown JP, Eifler CW, et al: Oral leukoplakia status six weeks after cessation of smokeless tobacco use. J Am Dent Assoc  1999; 130:945-954.

28. Petersen PE: Strengthening the prevention of oral cancer: the WHO perspective. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol  2005; 33(6):397-399.

29. Jaber MA, Porter SR, Gilthorpe MS, et al: Risk factors for oral epithelial dysplasia - the role of smoking and alcohol. Oral Oncol  1999; 35:151-156.

30. Bedi R: Betel-quid and tobacco chewing among the United Kingdom's Bangladeshi community. Br J Cancer  1996; 74(suppl XXIX):S73-S77.

31. Murti PR, Bhonsle RB, Pinborg JJ, et al: Malignant transformation rate in oral submucous fibrosis over a 17-year period. Commun Dent Oral Epidemiol  1985; 13:340-341.

32. Tu HF, Liu CJ, Chang CS, et al: The functional (−1171 5A → 6A) polymorphisms of matrix metalloproteinase 3 gene as a risk factor for oral submucous fibrosis among male areca users. J Oral Pathol Med  2006; 35(2):99-103.

33. Tilakaratne WM, Klinikowski MF, Saku T, et al: Oral submucous fibrosis: Review on aetiology and pathogenesis. Oral Oncol  2005; 42(6):561-568.

34. Horning GM, Cohen ME: Necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis, periodontitis, and stomatitis: clinical staging and predisposing factors. J Periodontol  1995; 66:990-998.

35. Contreras A, Falkler WA, Enwonwu CO, et al: Human Herpesviridae in acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis in children in Nigeria. Oral Microbiol Immunol  1997; 12:259-265.

36. WHO : Noma, the Face of Poverty,  Geneva, World Health Organization, 2000. (updated August)

37. Costini B, Larroque G, Dubosco JC, et al: Noma ou cancrum oris: aspects etiopathogeniques et nosologiques. Med Trop  1995; 55:263-273.

38. Idigbe EO, Enwonwu CO, Falker WA, et al: Living conditions of children at risk for noma: Nigerian experience. Oral Dis  1999; 5(2):156-162.

39. Ndiaye FC, Bourgeois D, Leclercq MH, et al: Noma: public health problem in Senegal and epidemiological surveillance. Oral Dis  1999; 5(2):163-166.

40. Enwonwu CO: Noma - the ulcer of extreme poverty. N Engl J Med  2006; 354(3):221-224.

41. Akula SK, Chreticos CM, Weldon-Linne CM: Gangrenous stomatitis in AIDS. Lancet  1989; i:955.

42. Giovannini M, Zuccotti GV, Fiocchi A: Gangrenous stomatitis in a child with AIDS. Lancet  1989; ii:1400.

43. Rotbart HA, Levin MJ, Jones JF, et al: Noma in children with severe combined immunodeficiency. Pediatrics  1986; 109:596-600.

44. Stassen LF, Batchelor AG, Rennie JS, et al: Cancrum oris in an adult Caucasian female. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg  1989; 27:417-422.

45. Winkler JR, Murray PA, Hammerle C: Gangrenous stomatitis in AIDS. Lancet  1989; 2:108.

46. WHO : Young People and Sexually Transmitted Diseases,  Geneva, World Health Organization, 1997. Fact Sheet No. 186, revised December.

47. Fiumara NJ, Berg M: Primary syphilis in the oral cavity. Br J Vener Dis  1974; 50:463-464.

48. Mani NJ: Secondary syphilis initially diagnosed from oral lesions. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1984; 58:47-50.

49. Manton SL, Egglestone SI, Alexander I, et al: Oral presentation of secondary syphilis. Br Dent J  1986; 160:237-238.

50. Ramos-e-Silva M: Facial and oral aspects of some venereal and tropical diseases. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat  2004; 12(3):173-180.

51. Erdelyi RL, Molla AA: Burned-out endemic syphilis (Bejel) facial deformities and defects in Saudi Arabia. Plast Reconstr Surg  1984; 74:589-602.

52. Furtado T: Some problems of late yaws. Int J Dermatol  1973; 12:123-130.

53. Botreau-Roussel P: Goundou.   In: Simons RDG, ed. Handbook of Tropical Dermatology and Medical Mycology,  Amsterdam: Elsevier; 1952:6-76.

54. Stenhouse D, MacDonald DG, MacFarlane TW: Cervicofacial and intraoral actinomycosis: a 5 year retrospective study. Br J Oral Surg  1975; 13:172-182.

55. Benoliel R, Asquith J: Actinomycosis of the jaws. Int J Oral Surg  1985; 14:195-199.

56. Roberts GD, Brewer WS, Hermans PE: Diagnosis of nocardiosis by blood culture. Mayo Clin Proc  1974; 49:293.

57. Rattner LJ: Case of suspected oral nocardiosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1958; 11:441.

58. WHO : Tuberculosis,  Geneva, World Health Organization, 2000. Fact Sheet No. 104, revised April.

59. Eng HL, Lu SY, Yang CH, et al: Oral tuberculosis. Oral Surg  1994; 81:415-420.

60. Fujibayashi T, Takahasi Y, Yoneda T, et al: Tuberculosis of the tongue: a case report with immunologic study. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1979; 47:427-435.

61. Komet H, Scheffer RF, McHoney PL: Bilateral tuberculous granulomas of the tongue. Arch Otolaryngol  1965; 82:649-661.

62. Yusuf H: Oral tuberculosis. Br Dent J  1975; 138:470-472.

63. Michaud M, Blancette G, Tomich C: Chronic ulceration of the hard palate: first clinical sign of undiagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1984; 57:63-67.

64. Rao TV, Satyanarayana CV, Sundareshwar B, et al: Unusual form of tuberculosis of lips. J Oral Surg  1977; 35:595-596.

65. Turbiner S, Giunta J, Maloney PL: Orofacial tuberculosis of the lip. J Oral Surg  1975; 33:443-447.

66. Agarwal MK, Gupta OP, Samant HC, et al: Tuberculosis of the tongue. Ann Acad Med Singapore  1979; 8:217-219.

67. Boyes J, Jones JDT, Miller FJW: The recognition of primary tuberculous infection of the mouth. Arch Dis Child  1956; 31:81-86.

68. Taylor RG, Booth DF: Tuberculous osteomyelitis of the mandible. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1964; 18:7-13.

69. Thilander H, Wennstrom A: Tuberculosis of the mouth and the surrounding tissues. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1956; 9:858-870.

70. Foster CF, Young WB: Tuberculosis infection of a fractured mandible: report of a case. J Oral Surg  1970; 38:686.

71. Ratliff DP: Tuberculosis of the mandible. Br Dent J  1973; 35:595-596.

72. Sachs SA, Eisenbund L: Tuberculous osteomyelitis of the mandible. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1977; 44:425-429.

73. Shengold MA, Shengold H: Oral tuberculosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1951; 4:239-250.

74. Weidman GM, MacGregor AJ: Tuberculous osteomyelitis of the mandible: report of a case. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1969; 28:632-635.

75. Bradnum P: Tuberculous sinus of the face associated with an abscessed lower third molar. Dent Pract Dent Rec  1961; 12:127-128.

76. Sowray JH: Tuberculous facial sinuses. Br Dent J  1967; 123:291-294.

77. Pratap VK, Samuel KC, Saxena H: Tuberculosis: manifestation at uncommon sites. J Ind Med Assoc  1972; 59:281-287.

78. Rosenquist JB, Beskow R: Tuberculosis of the maxilla: report case. J Oral Surg  1977; 35:309-310.

79. Rangel AL, Coletta RD, Almeida OP, et al: Parotid mycobacteriosis is frequently caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in advanced AIDS. J Oral Pathol Med  2005; 34(7):407-412.

80. Waldman RH: Tuberculosis and the atypical mycobacteria. Otolaryngol Clin North Am  1982; 15:581-586.

81. Ord RJ, Matz GJ: Tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis. Arch Otolaryngol  1974; 99:327-329.

82. Salyer KE, Votteler TP, Dorman GW: Surgical management of cervical adenitis due to atypical mycobacteria in children. JAMA  1968; 204:103-106.

83. Noorden SK, Pannikar VK: Leprosy.   In: Cook GC, ed. Manson's Tropical Diseases,  20th edn.. London: WB Saunders; 1996:1016-1044.

84. Barton RPE: Lesions of the mouth, pharynx and larynx in lepromatous leprosy. Leprosy India  1974; 46:130-134.

85. Moller-Christensen V, Bakke SN, Melsum RS, et al: Changes in the anterior nasal spine and the alveolar process of the maxillary bone in leprosy. Int J Leprosy  1952; 20:335-340.

86. Prahbu SR, Daftary DK: Atrophic lesions of the tongue in leprosy patients. Odontostomatol Trop  1982; V:75-85.

87. Reichart P: Facial and oral manifestations in leprosy. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1976; 41:385-399.

88. Reichart P: Pathologic changes in the soft palate in lepromatous leprosy. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1974; 38:898-904.

89. Scheepers A, Lemmer J, Lownie JF: Oral manifestations of Leprosy. Leprosy Rev  1993; 64(1):37-43.

90. Southam JC, Venkatraman BK: Oral manifestations of leprosy. Br J Oral Surg  1973; 10:272-274.

91. Girdhar BK, Desikan KV: A clinical study of the mouth in untreated lepromatous patients. Leprosy Rev  1979; 50:25-35.

92. Lighterman I, Watanabe Y, Hidaka T: Leprosy of the oral cavity and adnexa. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1962; 15:1178-1194.

93. Prabhu SR, Daftary DK: Clinical evaluation of orofacial lesions in leprosy. Odontostomatol Trop  1981; IV:83-95.

94. E-Silva R, Rebello PF: Leprosy: recognition and treatment. Am J Clin Dermatol  2001; 2(4):203-211.

95. Scully C, Monteil R, Sposto MR: Infectious and tropical diseases affecting the human mouth.   In: Scully C, ed. Oral Pathology and Medicine in Periodontics: Periodontology 2000,  Copenhagen: Munksgaard; 1998:47-70.

96. Scully C: Infectious diseases.   In: Millard HD, Mason DK, ed. 1993 World Workshop on Oral Medicine,  Ann Arbor: University of Michigan; 1995.

97. Scully C, Cawson RA: Medical Problems in Dentistry,  Bristol, Wright, 1987.

98. Chauvet E, Carreiro M, Berry A, et al: Oral histoplasmosis 34 years after return of Africa. Rev Med Interne  2003; 24(3):195-197.

99. De Almeida OP, Scully C: Oral lesions in the systemic mycoses. Curr Opin Dent  1991; 1:423-428.

100. Scully C, De Almeida OP: Orofacial manifestations of the systemic mycoses. J Oral Pathol Med  1992; 21:289-294.

101. Scully C, De Almeida OP, Sposto MR: Deep mycoses in HIV infection. Oral Dis  1997; 3(suppl 1):200-207.

102. Pfaller M, Wenzel R: Impact of the changing epidemiology of fungal infections in the 1990s. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis  1992; 11:287-291.

103. Napoli JA, Donegan JO: Aspergillosis and necrosis of the maxilla. J Oral Maxillofac Surg  1991; 49:532-534.

104. Rubin MM, Jui V, Sadoff RS: Oral aspergillosis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Oral Maxillofac Surg  1990; 48:997-999.

105. Shannon MT, Sclaroff A, Colm SJ: Invasive aspergillosis of the maxilla in an immunocompromised patient. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1990; 70:425-427.

106. Denning DW, Stevens DA: Antifungal and surgical treatment of invasive aspergillosis: review of 2,121 published cases. Rev Infect Dis  1990; 12:1147-1201.

107. Sposto MR, Almeida OPD, Scully C, et al: Oral paracoccidioidomycosis: a study of 36 South American patients. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1993; 75:461-465.

108. Sposto MR, Mendes-Gianini MJ, Moraes RA, et al: Paracoccidioidomycosis manifesting oral lesions: a clinical cytological and serological investigation. J Oral Pathol Med  1994; 23:85-87.

109. Schmidt-Westhausen A, Grunewald T, Reichart PA, et al: Oral cryptococcosis in a patient with AIDS: a case report. Oral Dis  1995; 1(2):77-79.

110. Casariego Z, Kelly GR, Perez H, et al: Disseminated histoplasmosis with orofacial involvement in HIV-1-infected patients with AIDS: manifestations and treatment. Oral Dis  1997; 3(3):184-187.

111. Nittayananta W, Chungpanich S: Oral lesions in a group of Thai people with AIDS. Oral Dis  1997; 3(suppl 1):S41-S45.

112. Warnakulasuriya KA, Harrison JD, Johnson NW, et al: Localised oral histoplasmosis lesions associated with HIV infection. J Oral Pathol Med  1997; 26(6):294-296.

113. Jones AC, Bentsen TY, Freedman PD: Mucormycosis of the oral cavity. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1993; 75(4):455-460.

114. Thammayya A: Zygomycosis due to Conidiobolus coronatus in west Bengal. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci  2000 Oct-Dec; 42(4):305-309.

115. De Castro CC, Bernard G, Ygaki Y, et al: MRI of head and neck paracoccidioidomycosis. Br J Radiol  1999; 72(859):717-722.

116. De Almeida OP, Jacks J, Scully C, et al: Orofacial manifestations of paracoccidioidomycosis (South American blastomycosis). Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1991; 72:430-435.

117. Mendes-Giannini MJS: Serodiagnosis.   In: Franco M, da Silva Lacaz C, Restrepo-Moreno A, et al ed. Paracoccidioidomycosis,  Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1994:345-357.

118. Azaz B, Milhem I, Hasson O, et al: Acquired toxoplasmosis of a submandibular lymph node in 13-year-old boy: case report. Paediatr Dent  1994; 16(5):378-380.

119. Macey-Dare LV, Kocjan G, Goodman JR: Acquired toxoplasmosis of a submandibular lymph node in a nine-year-old boy diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology. Int J Paediatr Dent  1996; 6(4):265-269.

120. Clayton R, Grabczynska S: Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis presenting as facial cellulitis. J Laryngol Otol  2005; 119(7):567-569.

121. Azizi T, Sadeghipour A, Roohi A, et al: A 33-year-old male farmer with progressive gingival swelling and bleeding. Ann Saudi Med  2005 May-Jun; 25(3):262.270-271.

122. Van Damme PA, Keuter M, Van Assen S, et al: A rare case of oral leishmaniasis. Lancet Infect Dis  2004; 4(1):53.

123. Sithequee MAM, Qazi AA, Ahmed GA: Study into leishmaniasis. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg  1990; 28:43-46.

124. Gombos F, Laino G, Femiano F: Leishmaniosi muco-cutanea e del cavo orale. Arch Stomatol  1984; 25:349-357.

125. Meyruey M, Benkiran D, Landon A: Leishmaniose stomato-pharyngo-laryngee observee au Maroc. Bull Soc Pathol Exot  1974; 67:625-632.

126. Costa Jr JW, Milner Jr DA, Maguire JH: Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in a US citizen. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod  2003; 96(5):573-577.

127. Aliaga L, Cobo F, Mediavilla JD, et al: Localized mucosal leishmaniasis due to Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum: clinical and microbiologic findings in 31 patients. Medicine (Baltimore)  2003; 82(3):147-158.

128. Sangueza OP, Sangueza JM, Stiller M, et al: Mucocutaneous leishmaniasis: a clinicopathological classification. J Am Acad Dermatol  1993; 28:927-932.

129. Castling B, Layton SA, Pratt RJ: Cutaneous leishmaniasis: an unusual cause of facial swelling. Oral Surg  1994; 78:91-92.

130. El-Hassan AM, Meredith SE, Yagi HI, et al: Sudanese mucosal leishmaniasis: epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, immune responses and treatment. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg  1995; 89:647-652.

131. Goto H, Sotto MN, Corbett CEP, et al: A case of multiple lesion mucocutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Viannia braziliensis) infection. J Trop Med Hyg  1990; 93:48-51.

132. WHO : The Leishmaniasis and Leishmania/HIV Co-infections,  Geneva, World Health Organization, 2000. Fact Sheet No. 116, revised May

133. Littleton Jr PA, Kohn W: Dental public health and infection control in industrialised and developing countries. Int Dent J  1991; 41(6):341-347.

134. Premoli-de-Percoco G, Gonzalez N, Anez N, et al: PCR detection of specific Leishmania-DNA in patients with periodontal disease. Pathologica  2002; 94(1):28-31.

135. Hansen LS, Allard RH: Encysted parasitic larvae in the mouth. J Am Dent Assoc  1984; 108(4):632-636.

136. Bouckaert MM, Raubenheimer EJ, Jacobs FJ: Maxillofacial hydatid cysts. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod  2000; 89(3):338-342.

137. Romero de Leon E, Aguirre A: Oral cysticercosis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod  1995; 79(5):572-577.

138. Saran RK, Rattan V, Rajwanshi A, et al: Cysticercosis of the oral cavity: report of five cases and a review of literature. Int J Paediatr Dent  1998; 8(4):273-278.

139. Munjal S, Gujral M, Narang S: Lingual cysticercosis - a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol  2001; 44(4):459.

140. Roth B, Gocht A, Metternich FU: Cysticercosis as a rare cause of a tumor of the tongue. Laryngorhinootologie  2003; 82(8):564-567.

141. Iamaroon A, Sukontason K, Sukontason K: Sparganosis: a rare case of the oral cavity. J Oral Pathol Med  2002; 31(9):558-560.

142. Nigam S, Singh T, Mishra A, et al: Oral cysticercosis: reports of six cases. Head and Neck  2001; 23(6):497-499.

143. McMahon JE, Simonsen PE: Filariases.   In: Cook GC, ed. Manson's Tropical Diseases,  20th edn.. London: WB Saunders; 1996:1321-1368.

144. Tilakaratne WM, Pitakotuwage TN: Intra-oral Dirofilaria repens infection: report of seven cases. J Oral Pathol Med  2003; 32(8):502-505.

145. To EW, Tsang 7 WM, Chan KF: Human dirofilariasis of the buccal mucosa: a case report. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg  2003; 32(1):104-106.

146. Collins BM, Jones AC, Jimenez F: Dirofilaria tenuis infection of the oral mucosa and cheek. J Oral Maxillofac Surg  1993; 51(9):1037-1040.

147. Seddon SV, Peckitt NS, Davidson RN, et al: Helminth infection of the parotid gland. J Oral Maxillofac Surg  1992; 50(2):183-185.

148. Markopoulos AK, Trigonidis G, Papanayotou P: Submucous dirofilariasis involving the cheek. Report of a case. Ann Dent  1990; 49(1):34-35.50.

149. Al-Ismaily MI, Scully C: Oral myiasis: report of two cases. Int J Paediatr Dent  1985; 5:177-179.

150. Bozzo L, Almeida ODP, Scully C: Oral myiasis caused by Sarcophagidae in an extraction wound. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1992; 74:733-735.

151. Erfan F: Gingival myiasis caused by Diptera (Sarcophaga). Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  1980; 49:148-150.

152. Konstantinidis AB, Zamanis D: Gingival myiasis. J Oral Med  1987; 42:243-245.

153. Gomez RS, Perdigao PF, Pimenta FJGS: Oral myiasis by screwworm Cochliomyia hominivorax. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg  2003; 41:115-116.

154. Ng KHL, Yip KT, Choi CH: A case of oral myiasis due to Chrysoma bezziana. Hong Kong Med J  2003; 9:454-456.

155. Aguiar AMM, Enwonwu CO, Pires FR: Noma (cancrum oris) associated with oral myiasis in an adult. Oral Dis  2003; 9:158-159.

156. Yazar S, Dik B, Yalcin S, et al: Nosocomial oral myiasis by Sarcophaga sp. in Turkey. Yonsei Med J  2005; 46(3):431-434.

157. Duque SFL, Valderrama HR, Gonzalez RJ: Treatment of oral myiasis with ivermectin; report of three cases caused by Cochliomyia hominivorax. Rev Fac Odontol Univ Ant  1998; 10:41-47.

158. Sanner BM, Rawert B, Henning B, et al: Ciguatera fish poisoning following travel to the tropics. Z Gastroenterol  1997; 35(5):327-330.

159. Heir GM: Ciguatera neurotoxin poisoning mimicking burning mouth syndrome. Quintessence Int  2005; 36(7-8):547-550.

160. Owotade FJ, Greenspan JS: Malaria and oral health. Oral Dis  2008; 14(4):302-307.

161. Watt-Smith S, Mehta K, Scully C: Mefloquine-induced trigeminal sensory neuropathy. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod  2001; 92(2):163-165.