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Contributors

Bizhan Aarabi, MD, FACS, FRCSC
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine;
Director
Neurotrauma Service
R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 336: Traumatic and Penetrating Head Injuries

Rick Abbott, MD
Professor
Department of Clinical Neurosurgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine;
Senior Attending
Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York

 Ch. 221: Management of Intramedullary Spinal Cord Tumors in Children

Saleem I. Abdulrauf, MD, FACS
Neurosurgeon-in-Chief
Saint Louis University Hospital;
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery;
Director
Saint Louis University Center for Cerebrovascular and Skull Base Surgery
Saint Louis University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 131: Meningiomas

Frank L. AcostaJr, MD
Director
Spine Deformity

Department of Neurosurgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 273: Diagnosis and Management of Diskogenic Lower Back Pain

 Ch. 287: Adult Thoracolumbar Scoliosis

John R. AdlerJr, MD
Dorothy and T. K. Chan Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California

 Ch. 257: Image-Guided Robotic Radiosurgery: The CyberKnife

Nzhde Agazaryan, PhD, DABR
Associate Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology and Biomedical Physics Graduate Program
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 255: Linear Accelerator Radiosurgery: Technical Aspects

Manish Aghi, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 253: Interstitial and Intracavitary Irradiation of Brain Tumors

Edward S. Ahn, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery and Plastic Surgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 219: Achondroplasia and Other Dwarfisms

Ali Alaraj, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 354: Extracranial Vertebral Artery Diseases

Gregory W. Albert, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa

 Ch. 289: Acquired Abnormalities of the Craniocervical Junction

Leland Albright, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
University of Wisconsin Health Center
Madison, Wisconsin

 Ch. 226: Intrathecal Baclofen Therapy for Cerebral Palsy

 Ch. 228: Dystonia in Children

Felipe C. Albuquerque, MD
Assistant Director
Endovascular Neurosurgery
Department of Neurological Surgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 374: Endovascular Approaches to Intracranial Aneurysms

 Ch. 375: Endovascular Coiling of Intracranial Aneurysms: Evidence Supporting Their Use

Tord D. Alden, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine;
Attending Neurosurgeon
Children's Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 222: Spine Tumors in Children

Michael J. Alexander, MD, FACS
Professor and Clinical Chief
Department of Neurosurgery;
Director
Neurovascular Center
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 353: Nonatherosclerotic Carotid Lesions

Andrei V. Alexandrov, MD
Professor and Director
Comprehensive Stroke Center
University of Alabama Hospital
Birmingham, Alabama

 Ch. 347: Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography and Neurosonology

Ossama Al-Mefty, MD
Director of Skull Base Surgery
Department of Neurosurgery
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 131: Meningiomas

Ron L. Alterman, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery;
Director
Functional and Restorative Neurosurgery
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

 Ch. 71: Introduction

 Ch. 82: Deep Brain Stimulation for Dystonia

Lázaro Álvarez, MD
Clinic of Movement Disorders
International Center for Neurological Restoration
Havana, Cuba

 Ch. 81: Subthalamotomy in Parkinson's Disease: Indications and Outcome

Nduka M. Amankulor, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 100: Molecular Genetics and the Development of Targets for Glioma Therapy

Peter S. Amenta, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 316: Pathology of the Cervicothoracic Junction: Evaluation and Treatment

Christopher P. Ames, MD
Director
UCSF Spine Center
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 273: Diagnosis and Management of Diskogenic Lower Back Pain

 Ch. 287: Adult Thoracolumbar Scoliosis

Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, MD, FACS, FAHA
Associate Professor and Program Director;
Co-Director
Neurovascular Surgery Section
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 354: Extracranial Vertebral Artery Diseases

Mario Ammirati, MD, MBA
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Radiation Oncology
The Ohio State University College of Medicine;
Director
Skull Base Neurosurgery and Stereotactic Radiosurgery
Department of Neurological Surgery
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio

 Ch. 139: Overview of Skull Base Tumors

Carryn Anderson, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of Iowa;
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa

 Ch. 248: Principles of Radiation Therapy

Richard C.E. Anderson, MD, FACS, FAAP
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York
New York, New York

 Ch. 214: Myelomeningocele and Myelocystocele

William S. Anderson, MD, PhD
Instructor
Department of Neurosurgery
Harvard Medical School;
Associate Surgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 78: Surgical Management of Tremor

Peter D. Angevine, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
New York, New York

 Ch. 27: Patient Positioning for Spinal Surgery

 Ch. 299: Posterior Approach to Cervical Degenerative Disease

 Ch. 302: Anterior Lumbar Instrumentation

Hiba Arif, MD
Associate Research Scientist
Columbia Comprehensive Epilepsy Center
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 54: Continuous Electroencephalography in Neurological-Neurosurgical Intensive Care: Applications and Value

Jeffrey E. Arle, MD, PhD
Director
Functional Neurosurgery and Research
Lahey Clinic
Burlington;
Associate Professor
Department of Clinical Neurosurgery
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 93: Treatment Applications of Cortical Stimulation

Rocco Armonda, MD
Associate Professor
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences;
Director
Department of Cerebrovascular Surgery and Interventional Neuroradiology
National Capital Neurosurgery Consortium
Bethesda;
Clinical and Applied Neurotrauma Research
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
Silver Spring, Maryland

 Ch. 336: Traumatic and Penetrating Head Injuries

Paul M. Arnold, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City, Kansas

 Ch. 315: Evaluation and Treatment of Odontoid and Hangman's Fractures

Kaveh Asadi-Moghaddam, MD, PhD
Clinical Instructor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Dardinger Center for Neuro-oncology and Neurosciences
James Cancer Hospital/Solove Research Institute
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio

 Ch. 107: Gene- and Viral-Based Therapies for Gliomas

Ferhan A. Asghar, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio

 Ch. 272: Differential Diagnosis and Initial Management of Spine Pathology

 Ch. 281: Spondyloarthropathies (Including Ankylosing Spondylitis)

William W. AshleyJr, MD, PhD, MBA
Clinical Instructor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 348: Neurovascular Imaging

Sabri Aydin, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty
Istanbul, Turkey

 Ch. 166: Peripheral Nerve Stimulation for Neuropathic Pain

Nafi Aygun, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiology
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 109: Radiologic Features of Central Nervous System Tumors

Joachim M. Baehring, MD, DSc
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurology, Medicine, and Neurosurgery
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 123: Unusual Gliomas

Jacob H. Bagley, ScB
Research Assistant
Department of Neuroscience
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

 Ch. 94: Neuroprosthetics

Diaa Bahgat, MD
Instructor
Department of Neurological Surgery
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland Oregon

 Ch. 161: Percutaneous Procedures for Trigeminal Neuralgia

 Ch. 171: Dorsal Root Entry Zone Lesions

Julian E. Bailes, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
West Virginia University School of Medicine
Morgantown, West Virginia

 Ch. 332: Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults and Concussion in Sports

Jonathon R. Ball, BMed, BMedSc(Hons), FRACS
Neurosurgeon and Spinal Surgeon
Royal North Shore Hospital
North Shore Private Hospital
Sydney, Australia

 Ch. 270: Concepts of Disk Degeneration and Regeneration

Gordon H. Baltuch, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 65: Topectomy and Multiple Subpial Transection

Nicholas C. Bambakidis, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery;
Director
Cerebrovascular and Skull Base Surgery
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 345: Intraoperative Cerebral Protection

Scott C. Baraban, PhD, BA
Professor
William K. Bowes Jr Endowed Chair in Neuroscience Research
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 50: Animal Models of Epilepsy

Igor J. Barani, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 251: Fractionated Radiation Therapy for Benign Brain Tumors

Nicholas M. Barbaro, MD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 68: Radiosurgical Treatment of Epilepsy

Frederick G. BarkerII, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
Harvard Medical School;
Associate Visiting Surgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 11: Neurosurgical Epidemiology and Outcomes Assessment

 Ch. 40: Postoperative Infections of the Head and Brain

 Ch. 113: Brain Tumor Outcome Studies: Design and Interpretation

Gene H. Barnett, MD, FACS
The Rose Ella Burkhardt Chair in Neurosurgical Oncology
Professor and Director
Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology Center;
Associate Dean of Faculty Affairs
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland Clinic Neurological and Cancer Institutes
Vice Chair
Department of Neurological Surgery
Neurological Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 118: Navigation for Brain Tumors

Stanley L. Barnwell, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Diagnostic Radiology
Dotter Interventional Institute
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 357: Cerebral Venous and Sinus Thrombosis

Constance M. Barone, MD
Clinical Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas School of Medicine at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

 Ch. 184: Endoscopic Treatment of Craniosynostosis

Daniel L. Barrow, MD
MBNA Bowman Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery;
Director
Emory Stroke Center
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 370: Surgical Management of Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms

Fabrice Bartolomei, MD, PhD
INSERM, Aix Marseille University
Faculty of Medicine;
Assistance Publique Hôpital de la Timone (Timone University Hospital)
Clinical Neurophysiology Service
Marseille, France

 Ch. 68: Radiosurgical Treatment of Epilepsy

Juan Bartolomei, MD
Vice President
Spine Team Texas;
Vice Chief of Staff
Texas Health Resource Southlake Hospital
Southlake, Texas

 Ch. 280: Anterior Approach for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

Tracy T. Batchelor, MD
Director
Division of Neuro-Oncology
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center;
Associate Professor
Department of Neurology
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 129: Central Nervous System Lymphoma

H. Hunt Batjer, MD, FACS
Michael J. Marchese Professor and Chair
Department of Neurological Surgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 373: Microsurgery of Basilar Apex Aneurysms

Andrew M. Bauer, MD
Resident Physician
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin

 Ch. 314: Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation, Transverse Ligament Injury

Joel A. Bauman, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 295: Nucleoplasty and Posterior Dynamic Stabilization Systems

Thomas K. Baumann, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 155: Molecular Basis of Nociception

James E. Baumgartner, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatric Surgery
The University of Texas Medical School at Houston
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 67: Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Intractable Epilepsy

John Bayouth, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of Iowa;
Chief of Physics
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa

 Ch. 248: Principles of Radiation Therapy

Andrew Beaumont, MD, PhD
Department of Neurosurgery
Medical College of Virginia
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia

 Ch. 10: Physiology of the Cerebrospinal Fluid and Intracranial Pressure

Joshua B. Bederson, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

 Ch. 379: Infectious Intracranial Aneurysms

Rudolf Beisse, MD
Adjunct Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah;
Head
Department Spine Center
Orthopaedic Hospital Munich-Harlaching
Munich, Germany

 Ch. 31: Thorascopic Spine Surgery

Randy S. Bell, MD
Neurosurgery
National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda
Assistant Professor of Surgery
Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland

 Ch. 336: Traumatic and Penetrating Head Injuries

Allan Belzberg, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 241: Early Management of Brachial Plexus Injuries

Alim Louis Benabid, MD, PhD
Professor Emeritus of Biophysics
Scientific Advisor
Atomic Energy Commission
Grenoble, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Eduardo E. Benarroch, MD
Professor
Department of Neurology
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 343: Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism and Cerebral Ischemia

Abdelhamid Benazzouz, PhD
Neurophysiologist and Research Director, INSERM
Head, Monoamines, DBS and Parkinson's Disease Group
Neurodegenerative Diseases Institute
Université Bordeaux Segalen
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS UMR 5293)
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire
Bordeaux, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Bernard R. Bendok, MD, FACS
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiology
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 393: Microsurgery of Basilar Apex Aneurysms

Edward C. Benzel, MD
Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Neurological Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 265: Concepts and Mechanisms of Spinal Biomechanics

Alejandro Berenstein, MD
Professor
Department of Radiology
Albert Einstein College of Medicine;
Roosevelt Hospital and Beth Israel Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 268: Vein of Galen Aneurysmal Malformation

Mitchel S. Berger, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 121: Low-Grade Gliomas: Astrocytoma, Oligodendroglioma, and Mixed Glioma

 Ch. 253: Interstitial and Intracavitary Irradiation of Brain Tumors

Marvin Bergsneider, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 35: Shunting

Helmut Bertalanffy, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
University Hospital of Zürich
Zürich, Switzerland

 Ch. 138: Ventricular Tumors

Tarun Bhalla, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Neurological Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 265: Concepts and Mechanisms of Spinal Biomechanics

Dani S. Bidros, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 105: Barriers to Delivery of Therapeutics to Brain Tumors

José Biller, md, FACP, FAAN, FAHA
Chairman
Department of Neurology
Professor of Neurology and Neurological Surgery
Loyola University Stritch School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 349: Carotid Occlusive Disease: Natural History and Medical Management

Mark H. Bilsky, MD
Attending Neurosurgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center;
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York

 Ch. 262: Stereotactic Radiosurgery for the Treatment of Spinal Metastases

Devin K. Binder, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Division of Biomedical Sciences
University of California, Riverside
Newport Beach, California

 Ch. 160: Trigeminal Neuralgia: Diagnosis and Nonoperative Management

William Bingaman, MD
Professor
Department of Surgery
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University;
Vice Chairman
Neurological Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 62: Standard Temporal Lobectomy

Rolfe Birch, MA, MChir, FRCSrP(Glas), FRCS(Ed)
Honorary Professor
University College;
Visiting Professor
Imperial College;
Consultant (Honorary)
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital;
Honorary Civilian Consultant
Royal Navy
London, United Kingdom

 Ch. 240: Management of Acute Peripheral Nerve Injuries

Allen T. Bishop, MD
Professor
Department of Orthopedics
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 242: Secondary Procedures for Brachial Plexus Injuries

Peter M. Black, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Harvard Medical School;
Founding Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 135: Craniopharyngioma in Adults

Jeffrey P. Blount, MD
Associate Professor
Division of Neurosurgery
Department of Surgery
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama

 Ch. 190: Ventricular Shunting Procedures

Peter C. Blumbergs, MB, BS, FRACP, FRCPA
Clinical Professor
Department of Pathology
University of Adelaide;
Head
Hanson Institute Center for Neurological Diseases
SA Pathology/Institute of Medical & Veterinary Science
Adelaide, Australia

 Ch. 325: Neuropathology of Traumatic Brain Injury

Leif-Erik Bohman, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 362: Surgical Decision Making for the Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms

Zackary E. Boomsaad, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 92: Treatment of Intractable Vertigo

Frederick A. Boop, MD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
The University of Tennessee Health Science Center;
Chief
Pediatric Neurosurgery
Lebonheur Children's Hospital;
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee

 Ch. 198: Pediatric Craniopharyngioma

 Ch. 200: Ependymoma

Pascal Bou-Haidar, MD
Fellow
Department of Neuroradiology
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

 Ch. 19: Physiologic Evaluation of the Brain with Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Daniel R. Boué, MD, PhD, FASCP, FCAP
Director
Department of Neuropathology
Department of Laboratory Medicine
Nationwide Children's Hospital;
Associate Professor-Clinical
The Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

 Ch. 145: Juvenile Nasal Angiofibroma

Blaise F.D. Bourgeois, MD
Professor
Department of Neurology
Harvard Medical School;
Director
Division of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 53: Antiepileptic Medications: Principles of Clinical Use

Robin M. Bowman, MD
Co-Director
Multidisciplinary Spina Bifida Center;
Associate Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine;
Attending Neurosurgeon
Children's Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 212: Birth Head Trauma

Oliver Bozinov, MD
Attending Neurosurgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
University Hospital of Zürich
Zürich, Switzerland

 Ch. 138: Ventricular Tumors

Helen M. Bramlett, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 329: Current Concepts of Hypothermia in Traumatic Brain Injury

Henry Brem, MD
Harvey Cushing Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery;
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery, Ophthalmology and Oncology and Biomedical Engineering;
Director
Hunterian Neurosurgical Laboratory
Department of Neurosurgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine;
Neurosurgeon-in-Chief
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 95: Brain Tumors: General Considerations

 Ch. 115: Basic Principles of Cranial Surgery for Brain Tumors

 Ch. 122: Malignant Gliomas: Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Gliosarcoma

Steven Brem, MD, FACS
Chief
Department of Neurosurgery;
Chief
Department of Neuro-oncology
Moffitt Cancer Center;
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery and Oncological Sciences
University of South Florida College of Medicine
Tampa, Florida

 Ch. 104: Angiogenesis and Brain Tumors: Molecular Targets and Molecular Scalpels

Gavin W. Britz, MD, MPH
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
Duke University School of Medicine
Director
Cerebrovascular Center
Cerebrovascular/Endovascular Neurosurgery
Skull Base Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

 Ch. 360: The Natural History of Cerebral Aneurysms

 Ch. 382: Traumatic Cerebral Aneurysms Secondary to Penetrating Intracranial Injuries

Douglas L. Brockmeyer, MD
Professor
Marion L. Walker Endowed Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Utah;
Primary Children's Medical Center
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 220: Cervical Spine Disorders in Children

David J. Brooks, MD, DSc, FRCP, FMedSci
Hartnett Professor of Neurology
Head
Centre for Neuroscience
Department of Medicine
Imperial College
London, United Kingdom

 Ch. 77: Functional Imaging in Movement Disorders

Samuel R. Browd, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor of Neurological Surgery
University of Washington;
Attending Neurosurgeon
Seattle Children's Hospital
Seattle, Washington

 Ch. 180: Craniopagus Twins

Paul D. Brown, MD
Professor and Co-section Chief
CNS/Pediatrics
Department of Radiation Oncology
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 252: Fractionated Radiotherapy for Tumors of the Spine

Robert D. BrownJr, MD, MPH
Professor and Chair
Department of Neurology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 384: The Natural History of Intracranial Vascular Malformations

Jeffrey N. Bruce, MD
Vice-Chairman
Edgar M. Housepian Professor of Neurological Surgery
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons;
Attending Neurosurgeon
New York-Presbyterian Medical Center;
New York, New York

 Ch. 125: Pineal Tumors

Janice E. Brunstrom-Hernandez, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurology and Pediatrics
Washington University School of Medicine;
Director
Pediatric Neurology Cerebral Palsy Center
St. Louis Children's Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 225: Clinical Features and Management of Cerebral Palsy

John Buatti, MD
Professor and Head
Department of Radiation Oncology;
Deputy Director
Clinical Cancer Care
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine
Iowa City, Iowa

 Ch. 248: Principles of Radiation Therapy

M. Ross Bullock, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Miami;
Director
Neurotrauma
Jackson Memorial Hospital
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 322: Introduction to Traumatic Brain Injury

 Ch. 327: Neurochemical Pathomechanisms in Traumatic Brain Injury

 Ch. 328: Regeneration and Repair

 Ch. 335: Surgical Management of Traumatic Brain Injury

Kim J. Burchiel, MD
John Raaf Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurological Surgery;
Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 63: Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy

 Ch. 153: Pain: General Historical Considerations

 Ch. 161: Percutaneous Procedures for Trigeminal Neuralgia

 Ch. 163: Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia

 Ch. 169: Evidence Base for Destructive Procedures

 Ch. 171: Dorsal Root Entry Zone Lesions

Peter C. Burger, MD, AB
Professor
Department of Pathology
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 152: Demyelinating Disease

Marc R. Bussière, MSc
Medical Physicist
Department of Radiation Oncology
Massachusetts General Hospital;
Research Associate
Harvard Medical School
Boston Massachusetts

 Ch. 254: Proton Radiosurgery

Mohamad Bydon, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 111: Brain Tumors during Pregnancy

Richard W. Byrne, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery;
Chairman
Medical Director
Department of Neurosurgery
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 65: Topectomy and Multiple Subpial Transection

Maria Elisa Calcagnotto, MD, PhD, PharmD
Postdoctoral Fellow
Department of Biochemistry
Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Porto Alegre, Brazil

 Ch. 50: Animal Models of Epilepsy

Victoria A. Campbell, ENS, MC, USN
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia

 Ch. 284: Treatment of Disk Disease of the Lumbar Spine

William Campbell, MD, MSHA
Professor and Chair
Department of Neurology
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland;
Chief of Clinical Neurophysiology
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia

 Ch. 233: Peripheral Neuropathies

George M. Cannon, MD
Assistant Professor
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Madison, Wisconsin

 Ch. 250: Fractionated Radiation Therapy for Malignant Brain Tumors

Louis P. CaragineJr, MD, PhD
Director
Endovascular Neurosurgery
Director
Neurosurgical Intensive Care Unit
Fellowship Director
Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Surgery
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio;
Director of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
St. Francis Medical Center
Cape Girardeau, Missouri

 Ch. 110: Endovascular Techniques for Tumor Embolization

Benjamin S. Carson, Sr, MD
Professor and Director
Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery
The Johns Hopkins Health System and Johns Hopkins Children's Center;
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery, Oncology, Plastic Surgery, and Pediatrics
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine;
The Benjamin S. Carson, Sr, MD and Dr. Evelyn Spiro, RN, Professor
Director
Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery
The Johns Hopkins Health System and Johns Hopkins Children's Center
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 219: Achondroplasia and Other Dwarfisms

Gregory D. Cascino, MD, FAAN
Whitney MacMillan, Jr, Professor of Neurosciences
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine;
Chair
Division of Epilepsy
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 55: Neurologic Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery

Ethan Cascio, BS
Engineer
Department of Radiation Oncology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 254: Proton Radiosurgery

Frédéric Castinetti, MD, PhD
Department of Endocrinology and Reference Center for Rare Pituitary Diseases
Hôpital de la Timone (Timone University Hospital)
Marseille, France

 Ch. 259: Radiosurgery of Benign Intracranial Tumors

C. Michael Cawley, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Radiology
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 370: Surgical Management of Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms

 Ch. 391: Treatment of Other Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas

Justin S. Cetas, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University;
Staff Surgeon
Veterans Administration Hospital
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 140: Chordomas and Chondrosarcomas

 Ch. 169: Evidence Base for Destructive Procedures

Stéphan Chabardès, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery;
Head
Functional Neurosurgery Unit
Grenoble University Hospital
Grenoble Institute of Neuroscience
Joseph Fourier University
Grenoble, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulations for Parkinson's Disease

Edward F. Chang, MD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Physiology
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 68: Radiosurgical Treatment of Epilepsy

Eric C. Chang, MD
Resident
Massachusetts General Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 371: Microsurgery of Vertebral Artery, Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery, and Vertebrobasilar Junction Aneurysms

Eric L. Chang, MD
Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology
Director
Central Nervous System Stereotactic Radiation Program
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 130: Metastatic Brain Tumors

Steven D. Chang, MD
Robert C. and Jeannette Powell Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California

 Ch. 389: Surgical and Radiosurgical Management of Giant Arteriovenous Malformations

Steven W. Chang, MD
Division of Neurological Surgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 291: Basic Principles of Spinal Internal Fixation

Susan M. Chang, MD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Director
Division of Neuro-Oncology
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 112: Principles of Chemotherapy

Kevin Chao, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, California

 Ch. 168: Motor Cortex Stimulation

Paul H. Chapman, MD
Distinguished Nicholas T. Zervas Professor of Neurosurgery
Departments of Neurosurgery and Radiation Oncology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 254: Proton Radiosurgery

Fady T. Charbel, MD
Professor and Head
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 348: Neurovascular Imaging

 Ch. 354: Extracranial Vertebral Artery Diseases

Patrick Chauvel, MD
Neurophysiologic and Neuropsychological Service
Hôpital de la Timone (Timone University Hospital)
Neurophysiologic and Neuropsychological Laboratory
INSERM, Faculty of Medicine
Marseille, France

 Ch. 68: Radiosurgical Treatment of Epilepsy

Grace Chen, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 158: Management of Pain by Anesthetic Techniques

Boyle C. Cheng, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Drexel University Allegheny General Hospital Campus;
Director
Department of Neurosurgery Spine and Biomechanics Research Laboratory
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 295: Nucleoplasty and Posterior Dynamic Stabilization Systems

Joseph S. Cheng, MD, MS
Associate Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Director
Neurosurgery Spine Program
Co-Director
Comprehensive Spine Center
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

 Ch. 292: Bone Graft Options, Bone Graft Substitutes, and Bone Harvest Techniques

Joshua J. Chern, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 126: Medulloblastoma

E. Antonio Chiocca, MD, PhD
Chairman
Department of Neurological Surgery
Dardinger Family Professor of Oncologic Neurosurgery
Physician Director
OSUMC Neuroscience Signature Program;
Co-Director
Dardinger Center for Neuro-oncology and Neurosciences;
Co-Director
Viral Oncology Program of the Comprehensive Cancer Center
James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio

 Ch. 95: Brain Tumors: General Considerations

 Ch. 107: Gene- and Viral-Based Therapies for Gliomas

Ondrej Choutka, BMBCh, Oxon
Chief Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio

 Ch. 177: Dandy-Walker Syndrome

Shakeel A. Chowdhry, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Neurosurgery
University Hospitals Case Medical Center;
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 187: Infantile Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus

Cindy W. Christian, MD
Chair
Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia;
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 210: Child Abuse

Kathy Chuang, MD
Researcher
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Harvard University;
Resident
Department of Neurology
Massachusetts General Hospital;
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 342: Rehabilitation of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury

 Ch. 148: Skull Tumors

Jan Claassen, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery
Division of Critical Care Neurology
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
New York, New York

 Ch. 54: Continuous Electroencephalography in Neurological-Neurosurgical Intensive Care: Applications and Value

Richard E. Clatterbuck, MD, PhD
Department of Neurosurgery
Hattiesburg Clinic
Hattiesburg, Mississippi

 Ch. 151: Sarcoidosis, Tuberculosis, and Xanthogranuloma

Elizabeth B. Claus, MD, PhD
Professor
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut;
Attending Neurosurgeon
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 149: Scalp Tumors

Daniel R. Cleary, MS
Neuroscience Graduate Student
Department of Neurological Surgery
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 154: Anatomy and Physiology of Pain

Robert J. Coffey, MD
Medical Advisor
Medtronic, Inc.
Minneapolis, Minnesota

 Ch. 165: Evidence Base: Neurostimulation for Pain

Alan R. Cohen, MD, FACS, FAAP
Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Pediatrics
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine;
Surgeon-in-Chief and Chief
Department of Pediatric Neurological Surgery
University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 191: Neuroendoscopy

Andrew J. Cole, MD, FRCP(C)
Associate Professor
Department of Neurology
Harvard Medical School;
Director
MGH Epilepsy Service and Epilepsy Research Laboratory
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 56: Evaluation of Patients for Epilepsy Surgery

E. Sander ConnollyJr, MD
Bennett M. Stein Professor and Vice-Chair
Department of Neurological Surgery
College of Physicians and Surgeons
Columbia University
New York, New York

 Ch. 346: Circulatory Arrest with Deep Hypothermia

 Ch. 369: Microsurgery of Distal Anterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysms

 Ch. 387: Endovascular Management of Arteriovenous Malformations for Cure

Patrick J. Connolly, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Temple University School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 65: Topectomy and Multiple Subpial Transection

Anne G. Copay, PhD
Associate Director
Research
Spinal Research Foundation
Reston, Virginia

 Ch. 266: Biomaterials and Biomechanics of Spinal Arthroplasty

Jeroen R. Coppens, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 30: Advantages and Limitations of Cranial Endoscopy

James J. Corbett, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurology and Ophthalmology
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Jackson, Mississippi

 Ch. 13: Neuro-ophthalmology

Daniel M. Corcos, PhD
Professor
Department of Kinesiology
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 91: Management of Spasticity by Central Nervous System Infusion Techniques

Domagoj Coric, MD
Chief of Neurosurgery
Carolinas Medical Center;
Carolina Neurosurgery and Spine Associates
Charlotte, North Carolina

 Ch. 294: Lumbar Arthroplasty: Total Disk Replacement and Nucleus Replacement Technologies

Garth Rees Cosgrove, MD
Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University;
Chief of Neurosurgery
Miriam Hospital
Rhode Island Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island

 Ch. 56: Evaluation of Patients for Epilepsy Surgery

 Ch. 86: A History of Psychosurgery

William T. Couldwell, MD, PhD
Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 30: Advantages and Limitations of Cranial Endoscopy

Stirling Craig, MD
Resident
Department of Plastic Surgery
Yale-New Haven Hospital
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 29: Incisions and Closures

Neil R. Crawford, PhD
Associate Staff Scientist
Spinal Biomechanics
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 291: Basic Principles of Spinal Internal Fixation

Peter B. Crino, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurology
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine;
Director
Penn Epilepsy Center
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 51: Malformations of Cortical Development

R. Webster Crowley, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 26: Positioning for Cranial Surgery

 Ch. 321: Osteoporotic Fractures: Evaluation and Treatment with Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

Bradford A. Curt, MD
Pediatrician
Bristol Park Medical Group
Irvine, California

 Ch. 272: Differential Diagnosis and Initial Management of Spine Pathology

Marek Czosnyka, PhD
Reader in Brain Physics
Departments of Neurosurgery and Clinical Neurosciences
University of Cambridge
Cambridge, United Kingdom

 Ch. 34: Clinical Evaluation of Adult Hydrocephalus

Zofia Czosnyka, PhD
Senior Research Associate
Departments of Neurosurgery and Clinical Neurosciences
University of Cambridge
Cambridge, United Kingdom

 Ch. 34: Clinical Evaluation of Adult Hydrocephalus

Vladimir Y. Dadashev, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 278: Treatment of Disk and Ligamentous Diseases of the Cervical Spine

Andrew T. Dailey, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 304: Posterior, Transforaminal, and Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Techniques and Instrumentation

Deepa Danan, BA
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
New York, New York

 Ch. 170: Diagnosis and Management of Painful Neuromas

Shabbar F. Danish, MD
Director
Department of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
New Brunswick, New Jersey

 Ch. 32: Cranioplasty

Shervin R. Dashti, MD, PhD
Co-Director
Division of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
Norton Neuroscience Institute
Louisville, Kentucky

 Ch. 395: Classification of Spinal Arteriovenous Lesions: Arteriovenous Fistulas and Arteriovenous Malformations

Carlos A. David, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts;
Director
Cerebrovascular and Skull Base Surgery
Lahey Clinic
Burlington, Massachusetts

 Ch. 355: Intracranial Occlusive Disease

David J. David, MD, AC, FRACS, FRCS, FRCSEd, FRCST (hon)
Clinical Professor
Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery
University of Adelaide;
Head
Australian Craniofacial Unit
Women's and Children's Hospital
Adelaide, Australia

 Ch. 339: Craniofacial Injuries

Arthur L. Day, MD
Professor
Program Director
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas Medical School at Houston
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 366: Microsurgery of Paraclinoid Aneurysms

Antonio A.F. De Salles, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery;
Head
Division of Stereotactic Surgery
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 20: Molecular Imaging of the Brain with Positron Emission Tomography

 Ch. 255: Linear Accelerator Radiosurgery: Technical Aspects

Amir R. Dehdashti, MD
Director
Cerebrovascular and Skull Base Surgery
Department of Neurosurgery
Geisinger Neurosciences Institute
Danville, Pennsylvania;
Assistant Professor
Temple University School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 367: Intracranial Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysms

Oscar H. Del Brutto, MD
Coordinator
Stroke Unit
Hospital-Clínica Kennedy
Guayaquil, Ecuador

 Ch. 46: Parasitic Infections

Johnny B. DelashawJr, MD
Professor and Neurosurgeon
Department of Neurological Surgery
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 140: Chordomas and Chondrosarcomas

Bradley Delman, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Radiology
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

 Ch. 19: Physiologic Evaluation of the Brain with Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Mahlon R. DeLong, MD
Professor
Department of Neurology
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 73: Rationale for Surgical Interventions in Movement Disorders

Franco DeMonte, MD
Professor and Mary Beth Pawelek Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 142: Neoplasms of the Paranasal Sinuses

Sanjay S. Dhall, MD
Spine Fellow
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 293: Cervical Arthroplasty

Mark S. Dias, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Penn State University College of Medicine;
Vice Chair
Department of Clinical Neurosurgery;
Director
Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 175: Normal and Abnormal Embryology of the Brain

Curtis A. Dickman, MD
Associate Chief
Spine Section
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 291: Basic Principles of Spinal Internal Fixation

 Ch. 297: Anterior Cervical Instrumentation

 Ch. 306: Thoracoscopic Approaches to the Spine

W. Dalton Dietrich, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 329: Current Concepts of Hypothermia in Traumatic Brain Injury

Michael L. DiLuna, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 123: Unusual Gliomas

Francesco Di Meco, MD
Chairman II
Division of Neurosurgery
Department of Neurosurgery
Fondazione Istituto Neurologico C. Besta
Milan, Italy;
Assistant Professor (adjunct)
Department of Neurological Surgery
Johns Hopkins University Medical School
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 98: Brain Tumor Stem Cells

Peter Dirks, MD, PhD
Division of Neurosurgery
Developmental and Stem Cell Biology Program
Arthur and Sonia Labatt Brain Tumour Research Center
Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 96: Thalamic Tumors

C. Edward Dixon, PhD
Director
Brain Trauma Research Center
Professor of Neurological Surgery
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 326: Traumatic Brain Injury: Animal Models

Jacob A. Donoghue, ScB
Research Assistant
Department of Neurology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts;
Visiting Researcher
Department of Neuroscience
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

 Ch. 94: Neuroprosthetics

Ian G. Dorward, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Washington University School of Medicine;
Barnes-Jewish Hospital;
St. Louis Children's Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 205: Familial Tumors (Neurocutaneous Syndromes)

Amish H. Doshi, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiology
Mount Sinai Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 19: Physiologic Evaluation of the Brain with Magnetic Resonance Imaging

James Drake, MSc, FRCS(C), MBBCh
Professor
Department of Surgery
Division of Neurosurgery
University of Toronto;
Pediatric Neurosurgeon
Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 36: Adult Hydrocephalus: The Role of Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy

 Ch. 192: Cerebrospinal Fluid Devices

Dan Drzymalski, BA
Medical Student
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 181: Genetics of Craniosynostosis

Rose Du, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Harvard Medical School;
Associate Surgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 366: Microsurgery of Paraclinoid Aneurysms

Andrew Ducruet, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 369: Microsurgery of Distal Anterior Cerebral Artery Aneurysms

Ann-Christine Duhaime, MD
Professor
Dartmouth Medical School
Hanover, New Hampshire;
Director
Pediatric Neurosurgery and Neuroscience
Children's Hospital at Dartmouth
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire

 Ch. 210: Child Abuse

Aaron S. Dumont, MD
Associate Professor and Director
Division of Neurovascular and Endovascular Surgery
Department of Neurological Surgery
Thomas Jefferson University
Jefferson Medical College
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 26: Positioning for Cranial Surgery

 Ch. 321: Osteoporotic Fractures: Evaluation and Treatment with Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

 Ch. 397: Spinal Vascular Malformations

Christopher D. Duntsch, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Memphis, Tennessee

 Ch. 200: Ependymoma

Joshua R. Dusick, MD
Research Associate
Department of Neurosurgery
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 380: Revascularization Techniques for Complex Aneurysms and Skull Base Tumors

Suzan Dyve, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Aarhus University;
Consultant
Department of Neurosurgery
Aarhus University Hospitals
Aarhus, Denmark

 Ch. 55: Neuroradiologic Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery

James Eberwine, PhD
Elmer Holmes Bobst Professor
Department of Pharmacology
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine;
Co-Director
Penn Genome Frontiers Institute
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 3: Molecular Biology Primer for Neurosurgeons

Paula Eboli, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 166: Peripheral Nerve Stimulation for Neuropathic Pain

Robert D. Ecker, MD
Neurosurgeon
Maine Medical Partners Neurosurgery and Spine
Portland, Maine

 Ch. 351: Carotid Artery Angioplasty and Stenting

Richard J. Edwards, MD, BSc(Hons), MB, BS, FRCS(NeuroSurg)
Consultant Neurosurgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
Frenchay Hospital;
Consultant Pediatric Neurosurgeon
Bristol Royal Hospital for Children;
Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer
Institute of Clinical Neuroscience
University of Bristol
Bristol, United Kingdom

 Ch. 192: Cerebrospinal Fluid Devices

Marc E. Eichler, MD, FACS
Chief
Department of Neurosurgery
Innovis Hospital/Essentia Health
Newton Centre, Massachusetts

 Ch. 312: Assessment of the Cervical Spine after Trauma

Doortje C. Engel, MD, PhD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University Hospital Antwerp
Antwerp, Belgium;
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Bern University Hospital
Bern, Switzerland

 Ch. 340: Prognosis after Traumatic Brain Injury

Nancy E. Epstein, MD
Clinical Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York;
Chief
Neurosurgical Spine and Education
Winthrop University Hospital
Mineola, New York;
Attending Neurosurgeon
North Shore University Hospital/Long Island Jewish Hospital
New Hyde Park, New York

 Ch. 285: Lumbar Spine Stenosis

Matthew G. Ewend, MD, FACS
Kay and Van Weatherspoon Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

 Ch. 132: Meningeal Sarcoma and Meningeal Hemangiopericytoma

 Ch. 257: Image-Guided Robotic Radiosurgery: The CyberKnife

Hamad Farhat, MD
Section Head
Neurovascular and Neuroendovascular Surgery
Department of Neurosurgery
Northshore University HealthSystem
Evanston, Illinois

 Ch. 358: Nonlesional Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Christopher J. Farrell, MD
Assistant Professor
Division of Neuro-Oncologic Neurosurgery and Stereotactic Radiosurgery
Department of Neurological Surgery
Thomas Jefferson University
Jefferson Medical College
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 40: Postoperative Infections of the Head and Brain

Michael G. Fehlings, MD, PhD, FRCSC, FACS
Professor
Department of Surgery
Division of Neurosurgery
Krembil Chair in Neural Repair and Regeneration
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 268: Current Status and Future Direction of Management of Spinal Cord Injury

 Ch. 269: Intraoperative Monitoring of the Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots

Iman Feiz-Erfan, MD
Director
Division of Neurosurgery
Maricopa Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 392: Natural History of Cavernous Malformations

Neil A. Feldstein, MD, FACS
Associate Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons;
Director
Pediatric Neurological Surgery
Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital of New York
New York, New York

 Ch. 214: Myelomeningocele and Myelocystocele

Richard G. Fessler, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 303: Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation

 Ch. 307: Minimally Invasive Techniques for Lumbar Disorders

Juan J. Figueroa, MD
Clinical Neurophysiology Fellow
Department of Neurology
University of New Mexico School of Medicine
Albuquerque, New Mexico

 Ch. 46: Parasitic Infections

Aaron G. Filler, MD, PhD, FRCS
Medical Director
Institute for Nerve Medicine
Santa Monica, California

 Ch. 229: General Principles in Evaluating and Treating Peripheral Nerve Pathology, Injuries, and Entrapments and Their Historical Context

 Ch. 233: Peripheral Neuropathies

 Ch. 235: Imaging for Peripheral Nerve Disorders

 Ch. 238: Piriformis Syndrome, Obturator Internus Syndrome, Pudendal Nerve Entrapment, and Other Pelvic Entrapments

 Ch. 243: Nerve Injuries of the Lower Extremity

J. Max Findlay, MD, PhD, FRCSC
Clinical Professor
Department of Surgery
Division of Neurosurgery
University of Alberta Hospital
Edmonton, Canada

 Ch. 364: Cerebral Vasospasm

Michael A. Finn, MD

Department of Radiology
University of Utah School of Medicine
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 41: Postoperative Infections of the Spine

David J. Fiorella, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Cerebrovascular Center
State University of New York at Stony Brook
Stony Brook, New York

 Ch. 376: Endovascular Stenting of Intracranial Aneurysms

James L. Fisher, PhD
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Division of Epidemiology
College of Public Health;
Research Scientist
Comprehensive Cancer Center
James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute
The Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

 Ch. 106: Epidemiology of Brain Tumors

Robert S. Fisher, MD, PhD
Maslah Saul, MD Professor
Department of Neurology
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California

 Ch. 69: Deep Brain Stimulation for Epilepsy

Eugene S. Flamm, MD
Jeffrey P. Bergstein Professor and Chairman
Leo Davidoff Department of Neurological Surgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York

 Ch. 1: Historical Overview of Neurosurgery

James D. Fleck, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurology
Indiana University School of Medicine
Indianapolis, Indiana

 Ch. 349: Carotid Occlusive Disease: Natural History and Medical Management

Kelly D. Flemming, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurology
Division of Cerebrovascular Diseases
Mayo Graduate School of Medicine
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 350: Carotid Endarterectomy

 Ch. 384: The Natural History of Intracranial Vascular Malformations

John C. Flickinger, MD
Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 256: Gamma Knife Radiosurgery

Laura Flores-Sarnat, MD
Adjunct Research Professor
Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Paediatrics
University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine;
Alberta Children's Hospital
Calgary, Canada

 Ch. 4: Neuroembryology

Kenneth A. Follett, MD, PhD
Professor and Chief
Division of Neurosurgery
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

 Ch. 164: Neurosurgical Management of Intractable Pain

Kelly D. Foote, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Co-Director
Movement Disorders Center
McKnight Brain Institute
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

 Ch. 75: Clinical Overview of Movement Disorders

Daryl R. Fourney, MD, FRCSC, FACS
Associate Professor and Director
Neurosurgery Residency Training Program
Division of Neurosurgery
Royal University Hospital
University of Saskatchewan
Saskatoon, Canada

 Ch. 142: Neoplasms of the Paranasal Sinuses

Valerie Fraix, MD, PhD
Neurology Department
Grenoble University Hospital
Grenoble Institute of Neuroscience
Grenoble, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

James L. Frazier, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 127: Intracranial Ependymomas in Adults

Itzhak Fried, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles;
Director of Epilepsy Surgery
Co-Director
UCLA Seizure Disorder Center
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 61: Surgery for Extratemporal Lobe Epilepsy

Allan H. Friedman, MD
Guy L. Odom Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery;
Neurosurgeon-in-Chief
Division of Neurosurgery
Department of Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

 Ch. 244: Benign Tumors of the Peripheral Nerve

William A. Friedman, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

 Ch. 258: Radiosurgery for Malignant Tumors

Gerhard M. Friehs, MD, FACGS
Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Scott and White Hospital
Texas A&M University
Temple, Texas

 Ch. 96: Neuroprosthetics

Donald E. Fry, MD
Adjunct Professor
Department of Surgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine;
Executive Vice President
Michael Pine and Associates
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 47: Surgical Risk of Transmittable Diseases

Gregory N. Fuller, MD, PhD
Professor and Chief
Section of Neuropathology
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Hospital
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 96: Brain Tumors: An Overview of Current Histopathologic Classifications

Hector H. Garcia, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Microbiology
Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia;
Head
Cysticercosis Unit
Instituto de Ciencias Neurologicas
Lima, Peru

 Ch. 46: Parasitic Infections

Paul A. Gardner, MD
Assistant Professor
Co-Director
Cranial Base Surgery
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 147: Tumors of the Orbit

Mark Garrett, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 280: Anterior Approach for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

Hugh Garton, MD, MHSc
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Michigan Health System
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 11: Neurosurgical Epidemiology and Outcomes Assessment

Cormac G. Gavin, MB, BCh, BAO, FRCS(I), FRCS
Specialist Registrar
Victor Horsley Department of Neurosurgery
National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery
London, United Kingdom

 Ch. 383: Pathobiology of True Arteriovenous Malformations

Alisa D. Gean, MD
Professor
Departments of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging
Adjunct Professor
Departments of Neurology and Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco;
Brain and Spinal Injury Center (BASIC)
San Francisco General Hospital
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 330: Imaging of Traumatic Brain Injury

Thomas A. Gennarelli, MD, FACS
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

 Ch. 324: Biomechanical Basis of Traumatic Brain Injury

Venelin Gerganov, MD
Associate Neurosurgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
International Neuroscience Institute
Hannover, Germany

 Ch. 116: Basic Principles of Skull Base Surgery

Anand V. Germanwala, MD
Assistant Professor
Division of Neurological Surgery
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

 Ch. 368: Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms

Massimo Gerosa, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Verona;
Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Ospedale di Borgo Trento
Verona, Italy

 Ch. 141: Glomus Tumors

Elizabeth R. Gerstner
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurology
Harvard University;
Assistant in Neurology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 129: Central Nervous System Lymphoma

Peter C. Gerszten, MD, MPH, FACS
Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 263: Radiosurgery for Benign Spine Tumors and Vascular Malformations

Saadi Ghatan, MD, FACS
Florence Irving Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery
Department of Neurosurgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
New York, New York

 Ch. 176: Encephalocele

Samer Ghostine, MD
Director, Neurosurgery Spine;
Department of Neurosurgery
Assistant Professor
Department of Clinical Neurosurgery
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, California

 Ch. 283: Treatment of Thoracic Disk Herniation

Steven Giannotta, MD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 372: Basilar Trunk Aneurysms

Paul R. Gigante, MD, BS
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 27: Patient Positioning for Spinal Surgery

 Ch. 346: Circulatory Arrest with Deep Hypothermia

Frank Gilliam, MD, MPH
Professor
Department of Neurology
Weill Cornell Medical College
Cornell University
New York, New York

 Ch. 52: Diagnosis and Classification of Seizures and Epilepsy

Holly Gilmer-Hill, MD
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, Davis Medical Center
Davis, California

 Ch. 238: Piriformis Syndrome, Obturator Internus Syndrome, Pudendal Nerve Entrapment, and Other Pelvic Entrapments

Albert Gjedde, MD, DSc, FRSC
Professor
Department of Neurobiology and Pharmacology;
Chair
Department of Neuroscience and Pharmacology
University of Copenhagen
Copenhagen, Denmark

 Ch. 7: Cellular Mechanisms of Brain Energy Metabolism

Roberta P. Glick, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Anatomy and Cell Biology
Mount Sinai Hospital;
Rush University Medical Center;
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 97: Brain Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy

Ziya L. Gokaslan, MD, FACS
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery, Oncology, and Orthopaedic Surgery
Donlin M. Long Professor of Neurosurgery
Vice-Chair and Director
Spine Center
Department of Neurosurgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 310: Evaluation and Management of Spinal Axis Tumors: Benign and Primary Malignant

Yakov Gologorsky, MD
Senior Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Mount Sinai Hospital
New York, New York

 Ch. 396: Endovascular Treatment of Spinal Vascular Malformations

Kiarash Golshani, MD
Fellow
Neurosurgery and Neurointerventional Radiology
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

 Ch. 382: Traumatic Cerebral Aneurysms Secondary to Penetrating Intracranial Injuries

Nestor R. Gonzalez, MD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Radiology
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 380: Revascularization Techniques for Complex Aneurysms and Skull Base Tumors

James Tait Goodrich, MD, PhD, DSci
Professor
Departments of Clinical Neurosurgery, Pediatrics, and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine;
Director
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Leo Davidoff Department of Neurological Surgery
Children's Hospital at Montefiore
Bronx, New York

 Ch. 1: Historical Overview of Neurosurgery

 Ch. 180: Craniopagus Twins

Tessa Gordon, PhD
Emeritus Professor and Senior Scientist
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Canada;
Senior Scientist
Hospital for Sick Children
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 230: Pathophysiology of Surgical Nerve Disorders

Alessandra A. Gorgulho, MD, MSc
Director of Research
Adjunct Instructor
Division of Stereotactic Surgery
Department of Neurosurgery
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 255: Linear Accelerator Radiosurgery: Technical Aspects

Liliana C. Goumnerova, MD
Associate Professor of Surgery (Neurosurgery)
Harvard Medical School;
Director
Clinical Pediatric Neurosurgical Oncology
Children's Hospital/Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 203: Brainstem Glioma

M. Sean Grady, MD
Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 32: Cranioplasty

 Ch. 333: Initial Resuscitation, Prehospital Care, and Emergency Room Care of Traumatic Brain Injury

Jordan Grafman, PhD
Chief
Cognitive Neuroscience Section
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Bethesda, Maryland

 Ch. 16: Neuropsychological Testing

Sylvie Grand, MD
Assistant Professor
Joseph Fourier University
Grenoble, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Gerald A. Grant, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Duke University School of Medicine
Durham, North Carolina

 Ch. 8: Blood-Brain Barrier

 Ch. 194: General Approaches and Considerations for Pediatric Brain Tumors

 Ch. 337: Blast-Induced Neurotrauma

Gregory P. Graziano, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
Chief
Orthopaedic Spine Division
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
University of Michigan Health System
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 281: Spondyloarthropathies (Including Ankylosing Spondylitis)

Benjamin Greenberg, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior
Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University;
Butler Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island

 Ch. 88: Surgery for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

James Guest, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 267: Principles of Translation of Biologic Therapies in Spinal Cord Injury

Abhijit Guha, MSc, MD, FRCSC, FACS
Professor of Surgery (Neurosurgery)
University of Toronto;
Alan and Susan Hudson Chair in Neuro-oncology
University Health Network;
Senior Scientist and Co-Director
Arthur and Sonia Labatt Brain Tumour Center Research Centre
Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 101: Growth Factors in Glial Tumors

 Ch. 245: Surgery for Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors

Murat Günel, MD
Nixdorff-German Professor
Chief
Yale Neurovascular Surgery Program
Co-Director
Yale Program on Neurogenetics
Departments of Neurosurgery and Genetics
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 393: Genetics of Cerebral Cavernous Malformations

Gaurav Gupta, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey–New Jersey Medical School
Newark, New Jersey

 Ch. 245: Surgery for Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors

Nalin Gupta, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Pediatrics
University of California, San Francisco;
Chief
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
University of California, San Francisco
Benioff Children's Hospital
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 193: Shunt Infections and Their Treatment

Jorge Guridi, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Clínica Universitaria
Navarra University
Pamplona, Spain

 Ch. 81: Subthalamotomy in Parkinson's Disease: Indications and Outcome

Barton L. Guthrie, MD
Professor
Division of Neurosurgery
Department of Surgery
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama

 Ch. 132: Meningeal Sarcoma and Meningeal Hemangiopericytoma

Georges F. Haddad, MD, FRCS(C)
Clinical Associate Professor
Division of Neurosurgery
American University of Beirut
Beirut, Lebanon

 Ch. 131: Meningiomas

Michael M. Haglund, MD, PhD
Professor and Program Training Director
Departments of Neurosurgery and Neurobiology
Division of Neurosurgery
Department of Surgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

 Ch. 57: Motor, Sensory, and Language Mapping and Monitoring for Cortical Resections

Regis W. HaidJr, MD
Medical Director
Piedmont Spine Center
Neuroscience Service Line
Piedmont Hospital;
Atlanta Brain and Spine Care
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 293: Cervical Arthroplasty

Stephen J. Haines, MD
Lyle A. French Chair, Professor and Head
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

 Ch. 11: Neurosurgical Epidemiology and Outcomes Assessment

 Ch. 42: The Use and Misuse of Antibiotics in Neurosurgery

Clement Hamani, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Division of Neurosurgery
Toronto Western Hospital
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 89: Surgical Treatment of Major Depression

 Ch. 165: Evidence Base: Neurostimulation for Pain

Bronwyn E. Hamilton, MD
Associate Professor of Radiology
Director
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 357: Cerebral Venous and Sinus Thrombosis

D. Kojo Hamilton, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 288: Flat Back and Sagittal Plane Deformity

Todd C. Hankinson, MD, MBA
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The Children's Hospital of Denver
University of Colorado Denver
Aurora, Colorado

 Ch. 214: Myelomeningocele and Myelocystocele

Leo T. Happel, PhD
Emeritus Professor Neurology, Neurosurgery, Physiology and Neuroscience
Department of Neurosurgery
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
New Orleans, Louisiana

 Ch. 234: Operative Neurophysiology of Peripheral Nerves

Ihtsham Ul Haq, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurology
Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center
Winston Salem, North Carolina

 Ch. 75: Clinical Overview of Movement Disorders

Raqeeb Haque, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 377: Endovascular Hunterian Ligation

Robert E. Harbaugh, MD, FACS, FAHA
Director
Institute of the Neurosciences
University Distinguished Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery;
Professor
Department of Engineering Science & Mechanics
Chair
Department of Neurosurgery Penn State University College of Medicine
Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 349: Carotid Occlusive Disease: Natural History and Medical Management

Ciara D. Harraher, MD, MPH
Clinical Instructor
Department of Neurosurgery
Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, California

 Ch. 149: Scalp Tumors

Leo Harris, PA
Physician's Assistant
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Miami
Jackson Memorial Hospital in Florida
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 335: Surgical Management of Traumatic Brain Injury

James S. Harrop, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurologic and Orthopedic Surgery
Chief
Division of Spine and Peripheral Nerve Surgery
Thomas Jefferson University
Jefferson Medical College
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 316: Pathology of the Cervicothoracic Junction: Evaluation and Treatment

Wael Hassaneen, MD
Research Fellow
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 136: Epidermoid, Dermoid, and Neurenteric Cysts

Cynthia Hawkins, MD, PhD, FRCPC
Associate Professor
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology
University of Toronto;
Neuropathologist
The Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 201: Medulloblastoma in Children

Gregory W.J. Hawryluk, MD
Senior Resident and PhD Candidate
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 268: Current Status and Future Direction of Management of Spinal Cord Injury

 Ch. 327: Neurochemical Pathomechanisms in Traumatic Brain Injury

Neal G. Haynes, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City, Kansas

 Ch. 315: Evaluation and Treatment of Odontoid and Hangman's Fractures

Robert F. Heary, MD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey–New Jersey Medical School;
Director
The Spine Center of New Jersey;
Director
The Spine Research Laboratory
Newark, New Jersey

 Ch. 275: Evaluation, Indications, and Techniques of Revision Spine Surgery

Amy B. Heimberger, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 97: Brain Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy

Mary M. Heinricher, PhD
Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Behavioral Neuroscience
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 154: Anatomy and Physiology of Pain

Thomas M. Hemmen, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosciences
University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California

 Ch. 344: Acute Medical Management of Ischemic/Hemorrhagic Stroke

Jaimie M. Henderson, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California

 Ch. 168: Motor Cortex Stimulation

Roberto C. Heros, MD
Professor and Co-Chairman
Department of Neurological Surgery
Program Director
Cerebrovascular Surgery
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 388: Microsurgical Management of Arteriovenous Malformations

Karl Herrup, PhD
Professor and Chair
Departments of Cell Biology and Neuroscience
Rutgers University
Nelson Biological Laboratory
Piscataway, New Jersey

 Ch. 6: Neurons and Neuroglia

Shawn L. Hervey-Jumper, MD
Resident Surgeon
National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institute Cancer Biology Fellow
University of Michigan Health System
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 124: Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors

Gregory G. Heuer, MD, PhD
Pediatric Neurosurgery Fellow
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania;
Division of Neurosurgery
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 51: Malformations of Cortical Development

 Ch. 333: Initial Resuscitation, Prehospital Care, and Emergency Room Care of Traumatic Brain Injury

 Ch. 352: Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury

 Ch. 365: Surgical Approaches to Intracranial Aneurysms

Lawrence J. Hirsch, MD
Professor of Clinical Neurology
Director of Continuous EEG Monitoring Program
Director of Clinical Neurophysiology
Columbia University Medical Center
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York

 Ch. 54: Continuous Electroencephalography in Neurological-Neurosurgical Intensive Care: Applications and Value

Robert Hirschl, MD
Clinical Instructor
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio

 Ch. 110: Endovascular Techniques for Tumor Embolization

Brian L. Hoh, MD, FACS, FAHA
William Merz Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Joint Assistant Professor
Departments of Radiology and Neuroscience
College of Medicine
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

 Ch. 371: Microsurgery of Vertebral Artery, Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery, and Vertebrobasilar Junction Anerurysms

Daniel J. Hoh, MD
Joint Assistant Professor
Department of Neuroscience and Neurosurgery
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

 Ch. 271: Bone Metabolism and Osteoporosis and Its Effects on Spinal Disease and Surgical Treatments

 Ch. 282: Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and Other Enthesopathies

Eric C. Holland, MD, PhD
Emily Tow Jackson Chair in Oncology
Attending Surgeon
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center;
Member
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer
New York, New York

 Ch. 100: Molecular Genetics and the Development of Targets for Glioma Therapy

Paul E. Holtzheimer, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 89: Surgical Treatment of Major Depression

L. Nelson Hopkins, MD, FACS
Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
Professor
Department of Radiology
School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
State University of New York at Buffalo
Buffalo, New York

 Ch. 351: Carotid Artery Angioplasty and Stenting

Philip J. Horner, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

 Ch. 5: Stem Cell Biology in the Central Nervous System

David A. Hovda, PhD
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Molecular and Medical Pharmacology
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 322: Introduction to Traumatic Brain Injury

Matthew A. HowardIII, MD
Professor and Head
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa

 Ch. 48: Epilepsy Surgery Overview

Patrick Hsieh, MD, MSc
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 310: Evaluation and Management of Spinal Axis Tumors: Benign and Primary Malignant

Yin C. Hu, MD
Neurosurgery Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Case Western University
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 187: Infantile Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus

 Ch. 191: Neuroendoscopy

 Ch. 345: Intraoperative Cerebral Protection

Sherwin E. Hua, MD
University of Southern California Neurosurgery Clinic
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 151: Sarcoidosis, Tuberculosis, and Xanthogranuloma

Jason H. Huang, MD
Chief of Neurosurgery
Highland Hospital;
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York

 Ch. 337: Blast-Induced Neurotrauma

Judy Huang, MD
Associate Professor
Co-Director of Neurosurgery Residency Program
Department of Neurosurgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 368: Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms

Samuel A. Hughes, MD, PhD
Neurosurgical Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 140: Chordomas and Chondrosarcomas

Thierry A.G.M. Huisman, MD
Medical Director
Division of Pediatric Radiology
Professor of Radiology
The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science
Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 152: Demyelinating Disease

Matthew A. Hunt, MD, FRCS
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

 Ch. 42: The Use and Misuse of Antibiotics in Neurosurgery

R. John Hurlbert, MD, PhD, FRCSC, FACS
Associate Professor
Department of Clinical Neurosciences
University of Calgary
Calgary, Canada

 Ch. 270: Concepts of Disk Degeneration and Regeneration

Robert W. Hurst, MD
Professor
Departments of Radiology, Neurosurgery, and Neurology
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 352: Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury

Anita Huttner, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Pathology
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 123: Unusual Gliomas

Steven W. Hwang, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Tufts Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 355: Intracranial Occlusive Disease

Ioannis U. Isaias, MD
I.C.P. Parkinson Institute
Motion Analysis Laboratory
Department of Human Physiology
University of Milan
Milan, Italy

 Ch. 76: Patient Selection Criteria for Deep Brain Stimulation in Movement Disorders

Bermans J. Iskandar, MD
Professor of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
Director, Pediatric Neurosurgery
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
Madison, Wisconsin

 Ch. 215: Lipomyelomeningocele

Arun Jacob, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 333: Initial Resuscitation, Prehospital Care, and Emergency Room Care of Traumatic Brain Injury

Kurt A. Jaeckle, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurology and Oncology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic Florida
Jacksonville, Florida

 Ch. 137: Neoplastic Meningitis

Jay Jagannathan, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Associate Residency Program Director
Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan

 Ch. 162: Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Trigeminal Neuralgia

 Ch. 317: Transient Quadriparesis and Athletic Injuries of the Cervical Spine

Regina I. Jakacki, MD
Director
Pediatric Neuro-Oncology Program
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh;
Professor
Department of Pediatrics
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 204: Intracranial Germ Cell Tumors

George I. Jallo, MD
Professor and Director
Clinical Pediatric Neurosurgery
Department of Neurosurgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 127: Intracranial Ependymomas in Adults

John A. JaneJr, MD
Associate Professor of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 134: Pituitary Tumors: Functioning and Nonfunctioning

John A. Jane, Sr, MD, PhD
Professor and Program Director
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Virginia Health System
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 26: Positioning for Cranial Surgery

 Ch. 143: Esthesioneuroblastoma

 Ch. 182: Craniosynostosis

Ryan Janicki, MD, BSc, PT
Resident
Department of Surgery
Division of Neurosurgery
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, Canada

 Ch. 319: Thoracolumbar Trauma

Damir Janigro, PhD
Professor
Department of Molecular Medicine
Director
Cerebrovascular Research
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 8: Blood-Brain Barrier

 Ch. 49: Electrophysiologic Properties of the Mammalian Central Nervous System

N u Owase Jeelani, MBA, MPhil (Medical Law), FRCS (NeuroSurg)
Consultant Paediatric Neurosurgeon
Great Ormond Street Hospital
London, United Kingdom

 Ch. 196: Thalamic Tumors

Kurt A. Jellinger, MD
Professor
Medical University Vienna;
Director
Institute of Clinical Neurobiology
Vienna, Austria

 Ch. 74: Neuropathology of Movement Disorders

Arthur L. JenkinsIII, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Orthopedic Surgery
Co-Director of Neurosurgical Spine Program
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

 Ch. 312: Assessment of the Cervical Spine after Trauma

Sarah Jernigan, MD, MPH
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Children's Hospital Boston;
Brigham and Women's Hospital;
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 209: Management of Severe Head Injury in Children

David F. Jimenez, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
The University of Texas School of Medicine at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas

 Ch. 184: Endoscopic Treatment of Craniosynostosis

Conrad E. Johanson, PhD
Professor of Clinical Neuroscience
Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island

 Ch. 33: Production and Flow of Cerebrospinal Fluid

J. Patrick Johnson, MD, FACS
Chief Executive Officer and Chairman
The Spine Institute Foundation;
Director
California Association of Neurological Surgeons;
Co-Director
Stem Cell Research Program
The Spine Center
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 283: Treatment of Thoracic Disk Herniation

Matthew D. Johnson, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Biomedical Engineering
Institute for Translational Neuroscience
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

 Ch. 83: Deep Brain Stimulation: Mechanisms of Action

G. Alexander Jones, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
New York Medical College
Valhalla, New York;
Partner
Hudson Valley Neurosurgical Associates
Suffern, New York

 Ch. 265: Concepts and Mechanisms of Spinal Biomechanics

Rajni K. Jutla, MD
Medical Director
Mind Your Body Clinic;
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
University of Washington;
Swedish Neuroscience Institute
Seattle, Washington;
Oregon Health Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 158: Management of Pain by Anesthetic Techniques

Koijan Singh Kainth, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

 Ch. 42: The Use and Misuse of Antibiotics in Neurosurgery

Michael G. Kaiser, MD, FACS
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
New York, New York

 Ch. 274: Metabolic and Other Nondegenerative Causes of Low Back Pain

 Ch. 300: Anterior Thoracic Instrumentation

 Ch. 302: Anterior Lumbar Instrumentation

U. Kumar Kakarla, MD
Neurosurgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 297: Anterior Cervical Instrumentation

Iain H. Kalfas, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 305: Image-Guided Spinal Navigation: Principles and Clinical Applications

Aleksandrs Uldis Kalnins, MD, MBA
Resident
Department of Radiology
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

 Ch. 17: Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain

Hideyuki Kano, MD, PhD
Research Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 256: Gamma Knife Radiosurgery

Yucel Kanpolat, MD
Professor of Neurosurgery;
President of the Turkish Academy of Sciences
Ankara, Turkey

 Ch. 172: Percutaneous Cordotomy and Trigeminal Tractotomy-Nucleotomy

Adam S. Kanter, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Pittsburgh;
Director
Neurosurgical Biomechanics Research Laboratory
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 304: Posterior, Transforaminal, and Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Techniques and Instrumentation

Reza J. Karimi, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey–New Jersey Medical School
Newark, New Jersey

 Ch. 275: Evaluation, Indications, and Techniques of Revision Spine Surgery

Amin B. Kassam, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine;
Director
Minimally Invasive EndoNeurosurgery Center
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 147: Tumors of the Orbit

Bruce A. Kaufman, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Medical College of Wisconsin;
Chief of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

 Ch. 197: Choroid Plexus Tumors

Christian B. Kaufman, MD
Clinical Instructor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York

 Ch. 70: Epilepsy Surgery: Outcome and Complications

Hiroto Kawasaki, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa

 Ch. 59: Investigation of Human Cognition in Epilepsy Surgery Patients

Brian C. Kelley, DO
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City, Kansas

 Ch. 315: Evaluation and Treatment of Odontoid and Hangman's Fractures

Christopher P. Kellner, MD, BA
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 377: Endovascular Hunterian Ligation

Nicole C. Keong, MBBS, MRCS, MPhil
Specialist Registrar in Neurosurgery
Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Cambridge, United Kingdom

 Ch. 34: Clinical Evaluation of Adult Hydrocephalus

John R.W. Kestle, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Chief of Pediatric Neurosurgery
University of Utah
Primary Children's Medical Center
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 186: Hydrocephalus in Children: Approach to the Patient

Alexander A. Khalessi, MD, MS
Clinical Instructor and Resident Supervisor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 25: Surgical Planning: Overview

Nadia Khan, MD
Visiting Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Stanford University Hospital and Clinics
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California;
Private Instructor
University of Zurich
Zurich, Switzerland

 Ch. 356: Adult Moyamoya Disease

Vini G. Khurana
Staff Specialist Neurosurgeon
Associate Professor
Canberra Hospital
Australian National University Medical School
Canberra, Australia

 Ch. 343: Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism and Cerebral Ischemia

Daniel H. Kim, MD, FACS
Professor
Director of Spinal Neurosurgery and Reconstructive Peripheral Nerve Surgery
Department of Neurosurgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 244: Benign Tumors of the Peripheral Nerve

Dong Gyu Kim, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery;
Director
Gamma Knife Center;
Chairman
Clinical Research Institute
Seoul National University Hospital
Seoul National University College of Medicine
Seoul, Korea

 Ch. 261: Radiosurgery for Functional Disorders

Dong H. Kim, MD
Professor and Chairman
The University of Texas Medical School at Houston;
Director
Mischer Neuroscience Institute
Memorial Hermann Healthcare System
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 361: Pathobiology of Intracranial Aneurysms

Jong Hyun Kim, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Korea University College of Medicine;
Korea University Guro Hospital
Seoul, Korea

 Ch. 78: Surgical Management of Tremor

Louis J. Kim, MD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiology
University of Washington School of Medicine
Seattle, Washington

 Ch. 395: Classification of Spinal Arteriovenous Lesions: Arteriovenous Fistulas and Arteriovenous Malformations

Paul K. Kim, MD
Carolina Neurosurgery and Spine Associates
Charlotte, North Carolina

 Ch. 294: Lumbar Arthroplasty: Total Disk Replacement and Nucleus Replacement Technologies

Thomas Aquinas Kim, MD
Chairman
Department of Radiology
Carle Physician Group/Carle Foundation Hospital
Urbana, Illinois

 Ch. 17: Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain

Won Kim, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 120: Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging

James A.J. King, MD, MBBS, PhD, FRACS
Senior Lecturer
Department of Surgery
University of Melbourne;
Consultant Neurosurgeon
The Royal Melbourne Hospital;
Consultant Neurosurgeon
The Royal Children's Hospital
Melbourne, Australia

 Ch. 135: Craniopharyngioma in Adults

Ryan S. Kitagawa, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 244: Benign Tumors of the Peripheral Nerve

Neil D. Kitchen, MD, FRCS, (SN)
Consultant Neurosurgeon
Head
Division of Neurosurgery
Institute of Neurology, University College of London
National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery
London, United Kingdom

 Ch. 383: Pathobiology of True Arteriovenous Malformations

Paul KlimoJr, MD, MPH
Pediatric Neurosurgeon
Semmes-Murphey Neurologic and Spine Institute
Memphis, Tennessee

 Ch. 145: Juvenile Nasal Angiofibroma

 Ch. 311: Evaluation and Management of Spinal Axis Tumors: Metastatic

David G. Kline, MD
Emeritus Chairman and Boyd Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
New Orleans, Louisiana

 Ch. 229: General Principles in Evaluating and Treating Peripheral Nerve Pathology, Injuries, and Entrapments and Their Historical Context

 Ch. 244: Benign Tumors of the Peripheral Nerve

Kazutaka Kobayashi, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Division of Applied System Neuroscience
Department of Advanced Medical Science
Nihon University School of Medicine
Tokyo, Japan

 Ch. 78: Surgical Management of Tremor

Patrick M. Kochanek, MD
Professor and Vice Chairman
Department of Critical Care Medicine
Professor
Departments of Anesthesiology, Pediatrics, and Clinical and Translational Science
Director
Safar Center for Resuscitation Research
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 326: Traumatic Brain Injury: Animal Models

Douglas Kondziolka, MD, MSc, FRCSC
Peter J. Jannetta Professor of Neurological Surgery
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 256: Gamma Knife Radiosurgery

 Ch. 261: Radiosurgery for Functional Disorders

Paul N. Kongkham, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 201: Medulloblastoma in Children

Tyler R. Koski, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 277: Fungal and Tubercular Infections of the Spine

Thomas Kosztowski, BS
Medical Student
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 122: Malignant Gliomas: Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Gliosarcoma

Paul Krack, MD, PhD
Movement Disorder Unit
Department of Psychiatry and Neurology
University Hospital;
Team Dynamic and Pathophysiology of Basal Ganglia
Grenoble Institute of Neuroscience – INSERM U.836-UJF-CEA-CHU
Grenoble, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Joachim K. Krauss, MD
Professor of Neurosurgery
Chairman and Director
Department of Neurosurgery
Medical School Hannover
Hannover, Germany

 Ch. 38: Medical and Surgical Management of Chronic Subdural Hematomas

 Ch. 85: Selective Peripheral Denervation for Cervical Dystonia

Michael A. Kraut, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Radiology
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 109: Radiologic Features of Central Nervous System Tumors

Niklaus Krayenbühl, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
University Hospital Zurich
Zurich, Switzerland

 Ch. 138: Ventricular Tumors

Thomas Kretschmer, MD, PhD
Head
Department of Neurosurgery
Evangelisches Krankenhaus Oldenburg
Oldenburg, Germany;
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Ulm
Ulm, Germany

 Ch. 240: Management of Acute Peripheral Nerve Injuries

 Ch. 358: Nonlesional Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

 Ch. 388: Microsurgical Management of Arteriovenous Malformations

Ajit Krishnaney, MD
Associate Staff
Department of Neurosurgery
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 18: Radiology of the Spine

Charles KuntzIV, MD
Professor and Vice Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine;
Mayfield Clinic and Spine Institute
Cincinnati, Ohio

 Ch. 272: Differential Diagnosis and Initial Management of Spine Pathology

 Ch. 281: Spondyloarthropathies (Including Ankylosing Spondylitis)

Jeffrey V. Kuo, MD
Associate Clinical Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of California, Irvine
Irvine, California

 Ch. 247: General and Historical Considerations of Radiotherapy and Radiosurgery

Brian K. Kwon, MD, PhD, FRCSC
Associate Professor
Department of Orthopaedics
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, Canada

 Ch. 319: Thoracolumbar Trauma

Nadia N. Issa Laack, MD, MS
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 252: Fractionated Radiotherapy for Tumors of the Spine

Shivanand P. Lad, MD, PhD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, California

 Ch. 168: Motor Cortex Stimulation

Alim M. Ladha, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

 Ch. 132: Meningeal Sarcoma and Meningeal Hemangiopericytoma

Amos K. Ladouceur, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 359: Genetics of Intracranial Aneurysms

Arthur M. Lam, MD, FRCPC
Professor
Departments of Anesthesiology and Neurological Surgery
University of Washington School of Medicine;
Anesthesiologist-in-Chief and Attending Neurointensivist
Harborview Medical Center
Seattle, Washington

 Ch. 21: Neuroanesthesia: Preoperative Evaluation

 Ch. 347: Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography and Neurosonology

Frederick F. Lang, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 126: Medulloblastoma

 Ch. 130: Metastatic Brain Tumors

Giuseppe Lanzino, MD
Professor
Department of Neurologic Surgery
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 381: Multimodality Management of Complex Cerebrovascular Lesions

 Ch. 390: Carotid-Cavernous Fistulas

Sean D. Lavine, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiology
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 377: Endovascular Hunterian Ligation

 Ch. 386: Adjuvant Endovascular Management of Brain Arteriovenous Malformations

 Ch. 387: Endovascular Management of Arteriovenous Malformations for Cure

Edward R. LawsJr, MD, FACS
Neurosurgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
Director
Neuroendocrine/Pituitary Center
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 134: Pituitary Tumors: Functioning and Nonfuctioning

Michael T. Lawton, MD
Professor and Vice-Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Chief of Vascular and Skull Base Neurosurgery
Tong-Po Kan Endowed Chair
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 365: Surgical Approaches to Intracranial Aneurysms

 Ch. 378: Microsurgical Management of Giant Intracranial Aneurysms

Adrian W. Laxton, MD
Resident
Division of Neurosurgery
Toronto Western Hospital
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 89: Surgical Treatment of Major Depression

Tuong H. Le, MD, PhD
Neuroradiologist
McKinney Regional Cancer Center
McKinney, Texas

 Ch. 330: Imaging of Traumatic Brain Injury

Jean François LeBas, MD
Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Neuroradiology Unit
Grenoble University Hospital
Grenoble, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Brett D. Lebed, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor
Director of Female Urology
Departments of Urology and Gynecology
Temple University School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
Director
Montgomery County Center for Continence and Pelvic Health
East Norriton, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 15: Neuro-urology

Richard L. Lebow, MD
Spine Fellow
Department of Neurological Surgery
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee

 Ch. 292: Bone Graft Options, Bone Graft Substitutes, and Bone Harvest Techniques

Amy Lee, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Washington University School of Medicine;
St. Louis Children's Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 298: Occiput, C1, and C2 Instrumentation

Ian Lee, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan

 Ch. 103: Invasion in Malignant Glioma

Seon-Kyu Lee, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Radiology
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts;
Interventional Neuroradiologist
Department of Radiology
Lahey Clinic
Burlington, Massachusetts

 Ch. 355: Intracranial Occlusive Disease

Emily Lehmann, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 167: Spinal Cord Stimulation

James W. Leiphart, MD, PhD, FACS
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The George Washington University;
Director of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Services
Washington, District of Columbia

 Ch. 61: Surgery for Extratemporal Lobe Epilepsy

Gregory P. Lekovic, MD, PhD
Neurosurgeon
House Ear Clinic
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 394: Supratentorial and Infratentorial Cavernous Malformations

Frederick A. Lenz, MD, PhD, FRCS(C)
A. Earl Walker Professor of Functional Neurosurgery
Professor of Neuroscience
Department of Neurosurgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 78: Surgical Management of Tremor

Jeffrey R. Leonard, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
Washington University School of Medicine;
Saint Louis Children's Hospital;
Barnes-Jewish Hospital;
Shriner's Hospital;
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 205: Familial Tumors (Neurocutaneous Syndromes)

Peter D. LeRoux, MD, MB, ChB
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 352: Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury

 Ch. 362: Surgical Decision-Making for the Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms

 Ch. 365: Surgical Approaches to Intracranial Aneurysms

Marc Lévêque, MD
Neurosurgeon
Functional Neurosurgery Department
Hôpital de la Timone (Timone University Hospital)
Marseille, France

 Ch. 68: Radiosurgical Treatment of Epilepsy

 Ch. 259: Radiosurgery for Benign Intracranial Tumors

Allan D. Levi, MD, PhD, FACS
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery, Orthopedics, and Rehabilitation
Chief of Neurosurgery
University of Miami Hospital
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 282: Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and Other Enthesopathies

Elad I. Levy, MD, FACS, FAHA
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Radiology
School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
State University of New York at Buffalo
Buffalo, New York

 Ch. 351: Carotid Artery Angioplasty and Stenting

 Ch. 376: Endovascular Stenting of Intracranial Aneurysms

Linda M. Liau, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 120: Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Jason Liauw, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 114: Frame and Frameless Stereotactic Brain Biopsy

Roger Lichtenbaum, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 348: Neurovascular Imaging

Terry Lichtor, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 97: Brain Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy

David D. LimbrickJr, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
Washington University School of Medicine;
Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
St. Louis Children's Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 227: Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Hester Lingsma, MSc
Post-Doctoral Researcher
Department of Public Health
Erasmus Medical Centre
Rotterdam, The Netherlands

 Ch. 340: Prognosis after Traumatic Brain Injury

Michael J. Link, MD
Professor
Department of Neurologic Surgery
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 350: Carotid Endarterectomy

Mark E. Linskey, MD
Associate Professor
Residency Program Director
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine
Irvine, California;
Co-Director of Neuro-Oncology Program
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
UC Irvine Medical Center
Orange, California

 Ch. 160: Trigeminal Neuralgia: Diagnosis and Nonoperative Management

 Ch. 247: General and Historical Considerations of Radiotherapy and Radiosurgery

Brian Litt, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurology
Associate Professor
Department of Bioengineering
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 69: Deep Brain Stimulation for Epilepsy

Zachary N. Litvack, MD
Neurosurgery Fellow
Brigham and Women's Hospital;
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 216: Split Spinal Cord

James K.C. Liu, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Neurosurgery
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 105: Barriers to Delivery of Therapeutics to Brain Tumors

Kenneth C. Liu, MD
Instructor
Department of Neurological Surgery
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 357: Cerebral Venous and Sinus Thrombosis

Jay S. Loeffler, MD, FACR, FASTRO
Herman and Joan Suit Professor
Harvard Medical School;
Chair
Department of Radiation Oncology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 254: Proton Radiosurgery

Christopher M. Loftus, MD, Drhc, FACS
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Assistant Dean for International Affiliations
Temple University School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 349: Carotid Occlusive Disease: Natural History and Medical Management

Russell R. Lonser, MD
Chief
Surgical Neurology Branch
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health
Bethesda, Maryland

 Ch. 128: Hemangioblastomas

Angeliki Louvi, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Program on Neurogenetics
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 393: Genetics of Cerebral Cavernous Malformations

Andres M. Lozano, MD, PhD, FRCSC, FRS
Professor and Chairman of Neurosurgery
University of Toronto;
RR Tasker Chair in Functional Neurosurgery
Toronto Western Hospital
Canada Research Chair in Neuroscience
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 71: Introduction

 Ch. 84: Emerging and Experimental Neurosurgical Treatments for Parkinson's Disease

 Ch. 89: Surgical Treatment of Major Depression

 Ch. 165: Evidence Base: Neurostimulation for Pain

Daniel C. Lu, MD, PhD
Fellow
Semmes-Murphey Neurologic and Spine Institute
Memphis, Tennessee

 Ch. 293: Cervical Arthroplasty

Rimas V. Lukas, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurology
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 45: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

L. Dade Lunsford, MD
Lars Leksell and Distinguished Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine;
Director
Center for Image Guided Neurosurgery
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 256: Gamma Knife Radiosurgery

Neal Luther, MD
Department of Neurologic Surgery
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York

 Ch. 199: Supratentorial Hemispheric Tumors

Pedro Lylyk, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
Endovascular Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology
ENERI Clínica Medica Belgrano
Buenos Aires, Argentina

 Ch. 376: Endovascular Stenting of Intracranial Aneurysms

Andrew I.R. Maas, MD, PhD
Professor and Chairman
University Hospital Antwerp
Antwerp, Belgium

 Ch. 323: Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain Injury

 Ch. 340: Prognosis after Traumatic Brain Injury

R. Loch Macdonald, MD, PhD
Head
Division of Neurosurgery
St. Michael's Hospital;
Keenan Endowed Chair in Surgery and Professor of Surgery
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 363: Perioperative Management of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Andre Machado, MD, PhD
Director
Center for Neurological Restoration
Neurological Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 88: Surgery for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Raul Macias, MD
Professor
Director
Science and Technology
Centro Internacional Restauracion Neurológica (CIREN)
Havana, Cuba

 Ch. 81: Subthalamotomy in Parkinson's Disease: Indications and Outcome

Robert J. Maciunas, MD
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
University Hospitals of Cleveland
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 87: Surgery for Tourette's Syndrome

Brian N. Maddux, MD, PhD
Department of Neurology
Neurological Institute
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio;
Department of Neurology
University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio

 Ch. 87: Surgery for Tourette's Syndrome

Pierre Magistretti, MD, PhD
Professor of Neurosciences
Brain Mind Institute
École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL);
Director
Center for Psychiatric Neurosciences
Department of Psychiatry, CHUV-UNIL
University of Lausanne
Lausanne, Switzerland

 Ch. 7: Cellular Mechanisms of Brain Energy Metabolism

Martijn J.A. Malessy, MD, PhD
Department of Neurosurgery
Leiden University Medical Center
Leiden, The Netherlands

 Ch. 241: Early Management of Brachial Plexus Injuries

Neil R. Malhotra, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Penn Neurological Institute
The Pennsylvania Hospital
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 301: Posterior Thoracic Instrumentation

Donald A. MaloneJr, MD
Chairman
Department of Psychology and Psychiatry
Neurological Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 88: Surgery for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Adam N. Mamelak, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 55: Neuroradiologic Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery

Christopher E. Mandigo, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Clinical Neurosurgery
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 274: Metabolic and Other Nondegenerative Causes of Low Back Pain

Francesco T. Mangano, DO
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Pediatrics
Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center;
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio

 Ch. 177: Dandy-Walker Syndrome

Allen H. Maniker, MD
Professor of Clinical Neurosurgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York;
Chief of Neurosurgery
Beth Israel Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 28: Positioning in Peripheral Nerve Surgery

 Ch. 245: Surgery for Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors

 Ch. 246: Pain, Complications, and Iatrogenic Injury in Nerve Surgery

Geoffrey T. Manley, MD, PhD
Professor and Vice Chairman
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco;
Chief of Neurosurgery and Co-Director
Brain and Spinal Injury Center
San Francisco General Hospital
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 23: Intracranial Pressure Monitoring

Daniel Marchac, MD
Professor
Collège de Médecine des Hôpitaux de Paris;
Chirurgie Plastique Reconstructrice et Esthétique
Chirurgie Cranio-Faciale
Paris, France

 Ch. 183: Syndromic Craniosynostosis

Anthony Marmarou, PhD†
Professor
Virginia Commonwealth University Medical College
Richmond, Virginia

Deceased.

 Ch. 10: Physiology of the Cerebrospinal Fluid and Intracranial Pressure

Joseph C. Maroon, MD
Professor and Vice Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Heindl Scholar in Neuroscience
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center;
Team Neurosurgeon
The Pittsburgh Steelers
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 147: Tumors of the Orbit

 Ch. 332: Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults and Concussion in Sports

Lawrence F. Marshall, MD
Distinguished Professor of Neurosurgery
Chair Emeritus
UCSD Medical Center
San Diego, California

 Ch. 38: Medical and Surgical Management of Chronic Subdural Hematomas

 Ch. 341: Traumatic Cerebrospinal Fluid Fistulas

Neil A. Martin, MD
W. Eugene Stern Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles;
Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 380: Revascularization Techniques for Complex Aneurysms and Skull Base Tumors

Timothy J. Martin, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Surgical Sciences/Ophthalmology and Neurology
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston Salem, North Carolina

 Ch. 13: Neuro-ophthalmology

Alexander M. Mason, MD
Neurological Surgery
Boulder Neurosurgical Associates
Boulder, Colorado

 Ch. 370: Surgical Management of Middle Cerebral Artery Aneurysms

Marlon S. Mathews, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
University at Buffalo
State University New York
Buffalo, New York

 Ch. 160: Trigeminal Neuralgia: Diagnosis and Nonoperative Management

Helen S. Mayberg, MD
Professor
Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology
Dorothy C. Fuqua Chair in Psychiatric Neuroimaging and Therapeutics
Department of Psychiatry
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 89: Surgical Treatment of Major Depression

James P. McAllisterII, PhD
Professor and Director
Basic Hydrocephalus Research
Primary Children's Medical Center;
Professor
Departments of Bioengineering and Physiology
Department of Neurosurgery
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 189: Experimental Hydrocephalus

J. Gordon McComb, MD
Professor and Head
Division of Neurosurgery
Children's Hospital Los Angeles;
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 188: Cerebrospinal Fluid Physiology

Paul C. McCormick, MD, MPH
Herbert and Linda Gallen Professor of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
New York, New York

 Ch. 27: Patient Positioning for Spinal Surgery

 Ch. 279: Posterior Approach to Cervical Degenerative Disease

 Ch. 300: Anterior Thoracic Instrumentation

 Ch. 309: Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults

Ian E. McCutcheon, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 44: Meningitis and Encephalitis

 Ch. 148: Skull Tumors

Michael W. McDermott, MD
Professor and Vice Chairman
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 251: Fractionated Radiation Therapy for Benign Brain Tumors

 Ch. 253: Interstitial and Intracavitary Irradiation of Brain Tumors

Cameron G. McDougall, MD, FRCSC
Director
Endovascular Neurosurgery
Lou and Evelyn Grubb Endowed Chair for Neurovascular Research
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 374: Endovascular Approaches to Intracranial Aneurysms

 Ch. 375: Endovascular Coiling of Intracranial Aneurysms: Supporting Evidence

Matthew McGehee, MD
Medical Director
Pain Management Program
Progressive Rehabilitation Associates
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 158: Management of Pain by Anesthetic Techniques

Cameron C. McIntyre, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Biomedical Engineering
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 83: Deep Brain Stimulation: Mechanisms of Action

Guy M. McKhannII, MD
Florence Irving Associate Professor of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians
New York Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York

 Ch. 48: Epilepsy Surgery Overview

 Ch. 49: Electrophysiologic Properties of the Mammalian Central Nervous System

 Ch. 58: Auditory Language Mapping

M. Sean McKisic, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 26: Positioning for Cranial Surgery

 Ch. 321: Osteoporotic Fractures: Evaluation and Treatment with Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

David F. Meaney, PhD
Professor
Department of Bioengineering
University of Pennsylvania School of Engineering and Applied Science
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 324: Biomechanical Basis of Traumatic Brain Injury

Minesh P. Mehta, MD, FASTRO
Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 250: Fractionated Radiation Therapy for Malignant Brain Tumors

Vivek Mehta, MD, MSc (Epid), FRCSC, FACS
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Canada

 Ch. 135: Craniopharyngioma in Adults

William P. Melega, PhD
Professor
Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology
David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 20: Molecular Imaging of the Brain with Positron Emission Tomography

Arnold H. Menezes, MD
Professor and Vice Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine;
Professor of Neurosurgery
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa

 Ch. 218: Developmental Abnormalities of the Craniocervical Junction

 Ch. 289: Acquired Abnormalities of the Craniocervical Junction

 Ch. 308: Tumors of the Craniovertebral Junction

Patrick Mertens, MD, PhD
Professor of Anatomy
Department of Neurosurgery Chairman
Hôpital Neurologique P. Wertheimer
Claude-Bernard Lyon 1 University
Lyon, France

 Ch. 90: Ablative Surgery for Spasticity

Fredric B. Meyer, MD, FACS
Professor and Chair
Department of Neurological Surgery
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 343: Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism and Cerebral Ischemia

 Ch. 350: Carotid Endarterectomy

 Ch. 381: Multimodality Management of Complex Cerebrovascular Lesions

 Ch. 390: Carotid-Cavernous Fistulas

Scott A. Meyer, MD
Resident
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

 Ch. 133: Acoustic Neuroma

 Ch. 379: Infectious Intracranial Aneurysms

Philip M. Meyers, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Radiology and Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons;
Clinical Director
Neuroendovascular Service
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York

 Ch. 386: Adjuvant Endovascular Management of Arteriovenous Malformations

 Ch. 387: Endovascular Management of Arteriovenous Malformations for Cure

Costas Michaelides, MRCP (UK)
Clinical and Research Fellow in Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology
Massachusetts General Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 56: Evaluation of Patients for Epilepsy Surgery

Karine Michaud, MD
Clinical Instructor and Fellow
Department of Neuro-oncology
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 112: Principles of Chemotherapy

Rajiv Midha, MD, MSc, FRCS(C)
Chief
Division of Neurosurgery
Professor
Department of Clinical Neurosciences
University of Calgary
Calgary, Canada

 Ch. 230: Pathophysiology of Surgical Nerve Disorders

 Ch. 231: Peripheral Nerve Examination, Evaluation, and Biopsy

 Ch. 239: Techniques and Options in Nerve Reconstruction and Repair

Vincent J. Miele, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
UHC Neurosurgery and Spine Center
Clarksburg, West Virginia

 Ch. 265: Concepts and Mechanisms of Spinal Biomechanics

Jonathan Miller, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine;
Director
Department of Functional and Restorative Neurosurgery
University Hospitals Case Medical Center
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 163: Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia

Matthew L. Miller, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

 Ch. 299: Posterior Subaxial and Cervicothoracic Instrumentation

Neil R. Miller, MD
Professor
Departments of Ophthalmology, Neurology, and Neurosurgery
Frank B. Walsh Professor of Neuro-Ophthalmology
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 150: Pseudotumor Cerebri

John Mitrofanis, PhD
Professor of Anatomy
Associate Dean (Curriculum)
Department of Anatomy and Histology
University of Sydney
Sydney, Australia

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Kevin Y. Miyashiro
Department of Pharmacology
Department of Psychiatry
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 3: Molecular Biology Primer for Neurosurgeons

J. Mocco, MD, MS
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurologic Surgery and Radiology
College of Medicine
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

 Ch. 351: Carotid Artery Angioplasty and Stenting

Michael T. Modic, MD
Professor of Radiology
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University;
Chairman
Neurological Institute
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 18: Radiology of the Spine

Parham Moftakhar, MD
Resident in Neurosurgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 353: Nonatherosclerotic Carotid Lesions

Avinash Mohan, MD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
New York Medical College;
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
Westchester Medical Center
Maria Farreri Children's Hospital
Valhalla, New York

 Ch. 195: Optic Pathway Hypothalamic Gliomas

 Ch. 212: Birth Head Trauma

Stephen J. Monteith, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 162: Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Trigeminal Neuralgia

Jacques J. Morcos, MD, FRCS(Eng), FRCS(Ed)
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery and Otolaryngology
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 358: Nonlesional Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Michael Morgan, MD, PhD (Honorary), BS, MMedEd, FRACS
Professor and Dean
Australian School of Advanced Medicine
Macquarie University
Sydney, Australia

 Ch. 385: Therapeutic Decision Making

David E. Morris, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
Director
UNC Cyberknife Program
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina

 Ch. 257: Image-Guided Robotic Radiosurgery: The CyberKnife

S. David Moss, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Arizona
Tucson;
Director
Pediatric Neurosurgical Training
Cardon Children's Hospital
Mesa, Arizona

 Ch. 185: Plagiocephaly

J. Paul Muizelaar, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, Davis
Sacramento, California

 Ch. 331: Clinical Pathophysiology of Traumatic Brain Injury

Karim Mukhida, MD
Resident
Division of Neurosurgery
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 84: Emerging and Experimental Neurosurgical Treatments for Parkinson's Disease

Praveen V. Mummaneni, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of California, San Francisco;
Co-Director
UCSF Spine Center
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 293: Cervical Arthroplasty

 Ch. 296: Spinopelvic Fixation

 Ch. 304: Posterior, Transforaminal, and Anterior Interbody Fusion: Techniques and Instrumentation

Gregory J.A. Murad, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

 Ch. 258: Radiosurgery for Malignant Tumors

Karin Muraszko, MD
Julian T. Hoff Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Michigan Health System
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 124: Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumors

Antônio C.M. Mussi, MD, PhD
Staff Neurosurgeon
Hospital de Caridad
Hospital Governador Celso Ramos
Florianópolis, Brazil

 Ch. 2: Surgical Anatomy of the Brain

Imad Najm, MD
Director
Basic Sciences
Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University;
Director
Cleveland Clinic Epilepsy Center
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 62: Standard Temporal Lobectomy

Peter Nakaji, MD
Director
Neurosurgery Residency Program
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 119: Endoscopic Approaches to Brain Tumors

Sandra Narayanan, MD
Fellow
Interventional Neuroradiology
Emory University Hospital
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 391: Treatment of Other Intracranial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas

David W. Newell, MD
Executive Director
Swedish Neuroscience Institute
Seattle, Washington

 Ch. 347: Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography and Neurosonology

M. Kelly Nicholas, MD, PhD
Director
Neuro-oncology Service
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 45: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Yasunari Niimi, MD, DMSc
Professor
Departments of Clinical Radiology and Neurosurgery
Albert Einstein College of Medicine;
Attending Physician
Roosevelt Hospital and Beth Israel Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 208: Vein of Galen Aneurysmal Malformation

Shahid M. Nimjee, MD, PhD
Neurosurgery Resident
Division of Neurosurgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

 Ch. 8: Blood-Brain Barrier

Ajay Niranjan, MD, MBA
Associate Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Pittsburgh;
Director
Brain Mapping Center
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 256: Gamma Knife Radiosurgery

Richard B. North, MD
Neurosurgeon
Berman Brain and Spine Institute;
Professor (Retired)
Departments of Neurosurgery, Anesthesiology, and Critical Care Medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 164: Neurosurgical Management of Intractable Pain

Josef NovotnyJr, MSc, PhD
Assistant Professor and Medical Physicist
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 256: Gamma Knife Radiosurgery

Turo Nurmikko, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Pain Science
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
University of Liverpool;
Honorary Consultant in Pain Relief
Walton Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery NHS Trust;
Pain Research Institute
Liverpool, United Kingdom

 Ch. 159: Evidence-Based Approach to the Treatment of Facial Pain

Samuel E. Nutt, BS
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

 Ch. 5: Stem Cell Biology in the Central Nervous System

W. Jerry Oakes, MD
Professor
Division of Neurosurgery
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Children's Hospital
Birmingham, Alabama

 Ch. 179: Chiari Malformations

José A. Obeso
Department of Neurology
Clínica Universitaria and Medical School of Navarra
Neuroscience Centre (CIMA)
University of Navarra
Navarra, Spain

 Ch. 81: Subthalamotomy in Parkinson's Disease: Indications and Outcome

Alfred T. Ogden, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Neurological Institute of New York
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 307: Minimally Invasive Techniques for Lumbar Disorders

 Ch. 309: Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults

Lissa Ogieglo, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Saskatchewan
Saskatoon, Canada

 Ch. 142: Neoplasms of the Paranasal Sinuses

Christopher S. Ogilvy, MD
Director
Endovascular and Operative Neurovascular Surgery
Massachusetts General Hospital;
Robert G. and A. Jean Ojemann Professor of Neurosurgery
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 371: Microsurgery of Vertebral Artery, Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery, and Vertebrobasilar Junction Aneurysms

David O. Okonkwo, MD, PhD
Chief
Division of Neurotrauma
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 318: Diagnosis and Management of Thoracic Spine Fractures

Michael S. Okun, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery
Co-Director
Movement Disorders Center
McKnight Brain Institute
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

 Ch. 75: Clinical Overview of Movement Disorders

Edward H. Oldfield, MD
Crutchfield Professor of Neurosurgery
Professor of Internal Medicine
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 9: Cerebral Edema

 Ch. 128: Hemangioblastomas

 Ch. 397: Spinal Vascular Malformations

Alessandro Olivi, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Oncology
Director
Division of Neurosurgical Oncology
Department of Neurosurgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 111: Brain Tumors during Pregnancy

 Ch. 114: Frame and Frameless Stereotactic Brain Biopsy

Stephen E. Olvey, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine;
Director
Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit
Jackson Memorial Hospital
Miami, Florida;
Founding Fellow
FIA Institute for Motor Sport Safety
Paris, France

 Ch. 324: Biomechanical Basis of Traumatic Brain Injury

David Omahen, MD, FRCS(C)
Department of Clinical Neurosciences
Foothills Medical Centre
Calgary, Canada

 Ch. 101: Growth Factors in Glial Tumors

Brent O'Neill, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
Allegheny General Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 37: Pathophysiology of Subdural Hematomas

Rod J. OskouianJr, MD
Co-Director
Spine Fellowship
Swedish Neuroscience Specialists
Swedish Neuroscience Institute
Seattle, Washington

 Ch. 288: Flat Back and Sagittal Plane Deformity

 Ch. 321: Osteoporotic Fractures: Evaluation and Treatment with Vertebroplasty/Kyphoplasty

Robert Owen, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Kentucky
Kentucky Children's Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky

 Ch. 211: Growing Skull Fracture

Koray Özduman, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Acibadem University School of Medicine
Istanbul, Turkey

 Ch. 144: Trigeminal Schwannomas

Ali Kemal Ozturk, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Neurosurgery
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 393: Genetics of Cerebral Cavernous Malformations

M. Necmettin Pamir, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Acibadem University School of Medicine
Istanbul, Turkey

 Ch. 144: Trigeminal Schwannomas

Dachling Pang, MD, FRCS(C), FACS
Chief
Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Regional Center for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Kaiser Permanente Hospitals, Northern California
Oakland;
Professor of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, Davis
Sacramento, California

 Ch. 224: Pediatric Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord Injuries

Jamie Pardini, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Orthopedic Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine;
Neuropsychologist
Sports Concussion Program
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 332: Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Adults and Concussion in Sports

Andrew D. Parent, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Jackson, Mississippi

 Ch. 206: Skull Tumors and Fibrous Dysplasia

T.S. Park, MD
Shi H. Huang Professor of Neurological Surgery
Washington University School of Medicine;
Neurosurgeon-in-Chief
St. Louis Children's Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 213: Birth Brachial Plexus Injury

 Ch. 227: Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy for Spastic Cerebral Palsy

Michael D. Partington, MD
Pediatric Neurosurgeon
Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare
St. Paul, Minnesota

 Ch. 175: Normal and Abnormal Embryology of the Brain

Aman B. Patel, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Radiology
Mount Sinai School of Medicine;
Director of Neuro-endovascular Surgery
Mount Sinai Hospital
New York, New York

 Ch. 396: Endovascular Treatment of Spinal Vascular Malformations

Parag G. Patil, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery, Anesthesiology, and Biomedical Engineering
University of Michigan Medical School
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 92: Treatment of Intractable Vertigo

Nicola Pavese, MD
Senior Investigator Scientist
Honorary Clinical Senior Lecturer in Neurology
MRC Clinical Sciences Centre
Centre for Neuroscience
Division of Experimental Medicine
Imperial College
London, United Kingdom

 Ch. 77: Functional Imaging in Movement Disorders

Richard D. Penn, MD
Professor
Department of Neurology
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 91: Management of Spasticity by Central Nervous System Infusion Techniques

Noel I. Perin, MD
Director
Division of Spine Surgery
St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital
New York, New York

 Ch. 320: Sacral Fractures

John A. Persing, MD
Professor and Chief
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Yale University School of Medicine;
Attending Physician
Yale-New Haven Hospital
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 29: Incisions and Closures

 Ch. 149: Scalp Tumors

 Ch. 182: Craniosynostosis

Erika A. Petersen, MD
Department of Neurological Surgery
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical School
Dallas, Texas

 Ch. 157: Pharmacologic Treatment of Pain

Anthony L. Petraglia, MD
Resident Physician
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York

 Ch. 70: Epilepsy Surgery: Outcome and Complications

Brigitte Piallat, PhD
Assistant Professor
Grenoble Institute of Neuroscience
University of Grenoble I
INSERM U836
Grenoble, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Joseph H. Piatt, MD, FAAP
Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Drexel University College of Medicine;
Chief
Section of Neurosurgery
St. Christopher's Hospital for Children
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 182: Craniosynostosis

John D. Pickard, MA, MB, MChir, FRCS, FMedSci
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Cambridge;
Professor of Neurosurgery
Divisional Director
Neurosciences
Addenbrookes Hospital
Cambridge, United Kingdom

 Ch. 34: Clinical Evaluation of Adult Hydrocephalus

Joseph M. Piepmeier, MD
Nixdorff/German Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 123: Unusual Gliomas

Webster H. Pilcher, MD, PhD
Frank P. Smith Professor and Chairman of Neurosurgery
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York

 Ch. 70: Epilepsy Surgery: Outcome and Complications

José Pineda, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Pediatrics and Neurology
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 174: Neurocritical Care in Children

Joseph D. Pinter, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics (Pediatric Neurology)

Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 4: Neuroembryology

Mary L. Pisculli, MD, MPH
Clinical Instructor
Harvard Medical School;
Associate Physician
Division of Infectious Disease
Department of Medicine
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 40: Postoperative Infections of the Head and Brain

Thomas Pittman, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Kentucky
Kentucky Children's Hospital
Lexington, Kentucky

 Ch. 211: Growing Skull Fracture

Ian F. Pollack, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Vice Chair for Academic Affairs
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine;
Chief
Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 204: Intracranial Germ Cell Tumors

Pierre Pollak, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurology
University Hospital of Geneva
Geneva, Switzerland

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Bruce E. Pollock, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 260: Radiosurgery for Intracranial Vascular Malformations

 Ch. 381: Multimodality Management of Complex Cerebrovascular Lesions

Francisco A. Ponce, MD
Director
Center for Neuromodulation
Department of Neurological Surgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 306: Thoracoscopic Approaches to the Spine

Alyx B. Porter, MD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurology and Oncology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 137: Neoplastic Meningitis

Randall W. Porter, MD
Chief
Interdisciplinary Skull Base Section
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 394: Supratentorial and Infratentorial Cavernous Malformations

Kalmon D. Post, MD
Chairman Emeritus
Leonard I. Malis, MD/Corinne and Joseph Graber Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Professor
Department of Medicine
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

 Ch. 22: Avoidance of Complications in Neurosurgery

 Ch. 133: Acoustic Neuroma

Alexander K. Powers, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston Salem, North Carolina

 Ch. 213: Birth Brachial Plexus Injury

Mark R. Proctor, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Harvard Medical School;
Neurosurgeon
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 181: Genetics of Craniosynostosis

 Ch. 209: Management of Severe Head Injury in Children

Robert W. Prost, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Radiology and Biophysics
Medical College of Wisconsin
Froedtert Hospital
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

 Ch. 17: Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain

Jeffrey Pugh, MD
Fellow
Children's Hospital
Birmingham, Alabama

 Ch. 179: Chiari Malformations

 Ch. 217: Tethered Spinal Cord: Fatty Filum Terminale, Meningocele Manqué, and Dermal Sinus Tracts

Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Oncology, Neuroscience, and Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine;
Director
Brain Tumor Surgery Program
The Johns Hopkins Bayview Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 98: Brain Tumor Stem Cells

 Ch. 122: Malignant Gliomas: Anaplastic Astrocytoma, Glioblastoma Multiforme, Gliosarcoma

Corey Raffel, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The Ohio State University College of Medicine;
Chief
Section of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Nationwide Children's Hospital
Columbus, Ohio

 Ch. 145: Juvenile Nasal Angiofibroma

Sharad Rajpal, MD
Neurosurgeon
Boulder Neurosurgical and Spine Associates
Boulder, Colorado

 Ch. 215: Lipomyelomeningocele

Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas

 Ch. 334: Critical Care Management of Traumatic Brain Injury

Ganesh Rao, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 126: Medalloblastoma

 Ch. 146: Osseous Tumors

 Ch. 311: Evaluation and Management of Spinal Axis Tumors: Metastatic

Ahmed Raslan, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery

Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 169: Evidence Base for Destructive Procedures

Peter A. Rasmussen, MD
Director
Cerebrovascular Center
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 376: Endovascular Stenting of Intracranial Aneurysms

Dibyendu K. Ray, MBBS, MS, MCh
Instructor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 161: Percutaneous Surgical Techniques

 Ch. 171: Dorsal Root Entry Zone Lesions

Shaan M. Raza, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 111: Brain Tumors during Pregnancy

 Ch. 114: Frame and Frameless Stereotactic Brain Biopsy

Davis L. Reames, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 286: Pediatric Spondylolisthesis

Chandan G. Reddy, MD
Fellow-Associate
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa

 Ch. 59: Investigation of Human Cognition in Epilepsy Surgery Patients

Andy J. Redmond, MD
Neurological Surgeon
Gordon Spine Associates
Tyler, Texas

 Ch. 60: Intracranial Monitoring

Jean Régis, MD
Professor
Hôpital de la Timone (Timone University Hospital);
Functional Neurosurgery Department
INSERM
Marseille, France

 Ch. 68: Radiosurgical Treatment of Epilepsy

 Ch. 259: Radiosurgery of Intracranial Vascular Malformations

Peter L. Reilly, MD, FRACS
Clinical Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
School of Medical Sciences
University of Adelaide
Adelaide, Australia

 Ch. 339: Craniofacial Injuries

 Ch. 341: Traumatic Cerebrospinal Fluid Fistulas

Dominique Renier, MD
Pediatric Neurosurgeon
Pediatric Neurosurgical Service
Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades
Paris, France

 Ch. 183: Syndromic Craniosynostosis

Daniel K. Resnick, MD, MS
Associate Professor and Vice Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Wisconsin
Madison, Wisconsin

 Ch. 314: Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation, Transverse Ligament Injury

Renee Reynolds, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

 Ch. 194: General Approaches and Considerations for Pediatric Brain Tumors

Ali R. Rezai, MD
Julius F. Stone Chair and Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Director
OSU Center for Neuromodulation
Vice Chair
Clinical Research
Department of Neurological Surgery
The Ohio State University College of Medicine
Columbus, Ohio

 Ch. 88: Surgery for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Laurence D. Rhines, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Director of the Spine Program
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 151: Sarcoidosis, Tuberculosis, and Xanthogranuloma

 Ch. 311: Evaluation and Management of Spinal Axis Tumors: Metastatic

Albert L. RhotonJr, MD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida

 Ch. 2: Surgical Anatomy of the Brain

Teresa Ribalta, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Pathology
University of Barcelona
Chief
Section of Surgical Pathology
Neuropathologist
Hospital Clinic of Barcelona
Barcelona, Spain

 Ch. 96: Brain Tumors: An Overview of Current Histopathologic Classifications

R. Mark Richardson, MD, PhD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 328: Regeneration and Repair

Daniele Rigamonti, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery, Radiology, and Radiation Oncology
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine;
Director of Radiosurgery
Director of CSF Diseases Center
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 219: Achondroplasia and Other Dwarfisms

Gregory J. Riggins, MD, PhD
Irving J. Sherman MD Neurosurgery Research Professor
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Oncology
Director
Division of Neurosurgery Research
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 102: The Genetic Origins of Brain Tumors

Jay Riva-Cambrin, MD, MSc, FRCS(C)
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Utah School of Medicine;
Pediatric Neurosurgeon
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Primary Children's Medical Center
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 36: Adult Hydrocephalus: The Role of Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy

Paolo Rizzo, MD
Staff Neurosurgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
Verona University Hospital
Verona, Italy

 Ch. 141: Glomus Tumors

David W. Roberts, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Dartmouth Medical School
Hanover, New Hampshire;
Section Chief
Department of Neurosurgery
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire

 Ch. 64: Tailored Resections for Epilepsy

Claudia Robertson, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 334: Critical Care Management of Traumatic Brain Injury

Lawrence Robinson, MD
Professor
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine
Vice Dean for Clinical Affairs and Graduate Medical Education
University of Washington School of Medicine;
Director
Electromyography Laboratory
Harborview Medical Center
Seattle, Washington

 Ch. 232: Electrodiagnostic Evaluation of Peripheral Nerves: Electromyography and Nerve Conduction Studies

Shenandoah Robinson, MD, FACS, FAAP
Associate Professor
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine;
University Hospitals Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 187: Infantile Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus

Pierre-Hugues Roche, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
North University Hospital
Marseille, France

 Ch. 259: Radiosurgery for Benign Intracranial Tumors

Mark A. Rockoff, MD
Professor
Department of Anaesthesia
Harvard Medical School;
Vice-Chairman
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 173: Neuroanesthesia in Children

Gerald E. RodtsJr, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery and Orthopedic Surgery
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 278: Treatment of Disk and Ligamentous Diseases of the Cervical Spine

Pantaleo Romanelli, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Sapienza University;
Rome, Italy
Director
Department of Functional Neurosurgery
IRCCS Neuromed
Pozzilli, Italy

 Ch. 257: Image-Guided Robotic Radiosurgery: The CyberKnife

Mark L. Rosenblum, MD
Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
Vice President
Clinical Programs
Henry Ford West Bloomfield Hospital
West Bloomfield, Michigan;
Co-Director
Hermelin Brain Tumor Center
Co-Director
Neuroscience Institute
Vlasic Family Chair
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan

 Ch. 103: Invasion in Malignant Glioma

Joshua M. Rosenow, MD, FACS
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine;
Director
Department of Functional Neurosurgery
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 156: Approach to the Patient with Chronic Pain

Michael K. Rosner, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Surgery
Uniformed Services University
Bethesda, Maryland;
Attending Neurosurgeon
Program Director
National Capital Consortium
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia

 Ch. 284: Treatment of Disk Disease of the Lumbar Spine

Eric S. Rovner, MD
Professor
Department of Urology
Director
Section of Female Urology, Urodynamics, and Reconstruction
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina

 Ch. 15: Neuro-urology

Christina L. Runge-Samuelson, PhD
Associate Professor
Departments of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences and Physiology
Medical College of Wisconsin;
Director
Koss Cochlear Implant Program
Children's Hospital of Wisconsin
Froedtert and the Medical College of Wisconsin Hospital
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

 Ch. 14: Neurotology

Stephen M. Russell, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
New York University School of Medicine
New York, New York

 Ch. 231: Peripheral Nerve Examination, Evaluation, and Biopsy

 Ch. 246: Pain, Complications, and Iatrogenic Injury in Nerve Surgery

James T. Rutka, MD, PhD, FRCSC, FACS
Professor
Division of Neurosurgery
Department of Surgery
University of Toronto;
Professor
Hospital for Sick Children
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 201: Medulloblastoma in Children

Oren Sagher, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Director
Neuromodulation
Head
Image-Guided Surgery and Robotics Program
Residency Program Director
University of Michigan Health System
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 167: Spinal Cord Stimulation

Eric G. St. Clair, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Temple University Medical Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 148: Skull Tumors

Madjid Samii, MD, PhD
President and Professor
International Neuroscience Institute
Hannover, Germany;
President and Professor
China International Neuroscience Institute
The Capital University of Medical Sciences
Beijing, China

 Ch. 116: Basic Principles of Skull Base Surgery

Prakash Sampath, MD
Department of Neurological Surgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 151: Sarcoidosis, Tuberculosis, and Xanthogranuloma

Srinath Samudrala, MD, FACS
Director
The Spine Institute
Glendale Adventist Medical Center
Glendale, California

 Ch. 283: Treatment of Thoracic Disk Herniation

Nader Sanai, MD
Director
Department of Neurosurgical Oncology
Division of Neurological Surgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 121: Low-Grade Gliomas: Astrocytoma, Oligodendroglioma, and Mixed Glioma

 Ch. 378: Microsurgical Management of Giant Intracranial Aneurysms

Robert A. Sanford, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Tennessee
Memphis, Tennessee

 Ch. 198: Pediatric Craniopharyngioma

Paul Santiago, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurological and Orthopaedic Surgery
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 290: Congenital Abnormalities of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

Teresa Santiago-Sim, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 361: Pathobiology of Intracranial Aneurysms

Harvey B. Sarnat, MS, MD, FRCPC
Professor
Departments of Paediatrics, Pathology (Neuropathology), and Clinical Neurosciences
University of Calgary Faculty of Medicine;
Alberta Children's Hospital
Calgary, Canada

 Ch. 4: Neuroembryology

Raymond Sawaya, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Baylor College of Medicine;
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 95: Brain Tumors: General Considerations

 Ch. 130: Metastatic Brain Tumors

 Ch. 136: Epidermoid, Dermoid, and Neurenteric Cysts

W. Michael Scheld, MD
Professor
Department of Medicine
Clinical Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 39: Basic Science of Central Nervous System Infections

 Ch. 43: Brain Abscess

Wouter I. Shirzadi, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Director of Vascular Neurosurgery
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 359: Genetics of Intracranial Aneurysms

Nicholas D. Schiff, MD
Professor
Department of Neurology and Neuroscience
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York

 Ch. 12: Altered Consciousness

Clemens M. Schirmer, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts;
Director
Cerebrovascular and Neuroendovascular Surgery
Baystate Medical Center
Springfield, Massachusetts

 Ch. 203: Brainstem Glioma

David Schlesinger, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 249: The Radiobiology and Physics of Radiosurgery

Meic H. Schmidt, MD, FACS
Ronald Apfelbaum Endowed Chair in Spine Surgery
Associate Professor
Chief of Spine Surgery
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 41: Postoperative Infections of the Spine

Joost W. Schouten, MD
Neurosurgeon
Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam
Rotterdam, The Netherlands

 Ch. 323: Epidemiology of Traumatic Brain Injury

Johannes Schramm, MD
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Bonn University Medical Center
Bonn, Germany

 Ch. 66: Hemispheric Disconnection Procedures

Thomas C. Schuler, MD, FACS
Chief Executive Officer
Virginia Spine Institute
Spinal Research Foundation
Reston, Virginia

 Ch. 266: Biomaterials and Biomechanics of Spinal Arthroplasty

James M. Schuster, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 301: Posterior Thoracic Instrumentation

Theodore H. Schwartz, MD, FACS
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery, Otolaryngology, Neurology, and Neuroscience
Weill Cornell Medical College;
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York

 Ch. 309: Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults

Judith A. Schwartzbaum, PhD
Associate Professor
Division of Epidemiology
College of Public Health
The Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio

 Ch. 106: Epidemiology of Brain Tumors

Patrick M. Schweder, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
The Royal Melbourne Hospital
Parkville, Australia

 Ch. 86: A History of Psychosurgery

R. Michael Scott, MD
Professor of Surgery
Department of Neurosurgery
Harvard Medical School;
Neurosurgeon-in-Chief
The Children's Hospital, Boston
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 207: Moyamoya Disease

Eric Seigneuret, MD
Neurosurgery Department
Grenoble University Hospital
Grenoble Institute of Neuroscience
Grenoble, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Nathan R. Selden, MD, PhD
Mario and Edith Campagna Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 216: Split Spinal Cord

Warren R. Selman, MD
Director
The Neurological Institute
University Hospitals Case Medical Center;
Harvey Huntington Brown Jr Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurological Surgery
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 345: Intraoperative Cerebral Protection

Christopher I. Shaffrey, MD, FACS
Harrison Distinguished Professor
Departments of Neurological and Orthopaedic Surgery
University of Virginia School of Medicine
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 223: Thoracolumbar Spinal Disorders in Pediatric Patients

 Ch. 264: Overview and Historical Considerations

 Ch. 286: Pediatric Spondylolisthesis

 Ch. 288: Flat Back and Sagittal Plane Deformity

 Ch. 303: Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation

 Ch. 317: Transient Quadriparesis and Athletic Injuries of the Cervical Spine

Manish N. Shah, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 290: Congenital Abnormalities of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine

Kiarash Shahlaie, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, Davis
Sacramento, California

 Ch. 331: Clinical Pathophysiology of Traumatic Brain Injury

William R. Shapiro, MD
Professor
Department of Clinical Neurology
University of Arizona College of Medicine
Tucson, Arizona;
Chief of Neuro-oncology
Division of Neurology
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 108: Clinical Features: Neurology of Brain Tumor and Paraneoplastic Disorders

Deepak Sharma, MBBS, MD, DM
Assistant Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Adjunct Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Harborview Medical Center
University of Washington
Seattle, Washington

 Ch. 21: Neuroanesthesia: Preoperative Evaluation

Jason P. Sheehan, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology
Director
Lars Leksell Gamma Knife Center
Vice Chair
Academic Affairs
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 162: Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Trigeminal Neuralgia

 Ch. 249: The Radiobiology and Physics of Radiosurgery

Jonas M. Sheehan, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Director
Neuro-Oncology Laboratory
Penn State University College of Medicine;
Director of Neuro-Oncology
Penn State Cancer Institute
Penn State University College of Medicine
Hershey, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 143: Esthesioneuroblastoma

Arun K. Sherma, MD
Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Department of Neurosurgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine;
Northwestern Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 373: Microsurgery of Basilar Apex Aneurysms

James M. Shiflett, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Jackson, Mississippi

 Ch. 206: Skull Tumors and Fibrous Dysplasia

Helen A. Shih, MD, MS, MPH
Assistant Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
Harvard Medical School;
Associate Medical Director
Francis H. Burr Proton Therapy Center
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 254: Proton Radiosurgery

Jay L. Shils, PhD, FASNM, DABNM
Director
Intraoperative Neurophysiology
Lahey Clinic
Burlington, Massachusetts;
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Tufts University Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 93: Treatment Applications of Cortical Stimulation

Alexander Y. Shin, MD
Professor
Department of Orthopedics
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 242: Secondary Procedures for Brachial Plexus Injuries

Ali Shirzadi, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 359: Genetics of Intracranial Aneurysms

Adnan H. Siddiqui, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Radiology
School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
State University of New York at Buffalo
Buffalo, New York

 Ch. 351: Carotid Artery Angioplasty and Stenting

Marc Sindou, MD, DSc
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Hôpital Neurologique P. Wertheimer
Claude-Bernard Lyon 1 University
Lyon, France

 Ch. 90: Ablative Surgery for Spasticity

Konstantin V. Slavin, MD
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 166: Peripheral Nerve Stimulation for Neuropathic Pain

Edward R. Smith, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Surgery
Harvard Medical School;
Director
Pediatric Cerebrovascular Surgery
Department of Neurosurgery
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 207: Moyamoya Disease

Justin S. Smith, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 223: Thoracolumber Spinal Disorders in Pediatric Patients

 Ch. 303: Posterior Lumbar Instrumentation

 Ch. 317: Transient Quadriparesis and Athletic Injuries of the Cervical Spine

Yoland Smith, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurology
Yerkes National Primate Research Center
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 72: Anatomy and Synaptic Connectivity of the Basal Ganglia

Matthew D. Smyth, MD, FACS, FAAP
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
Washington University School of Medicine;
St. Louis Children's Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 183: Syndromic Craniosynostosis

Penny K. Sneed, MD
Professor
Department of Radiation Oncology
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 251: Fractionated Radiation Therapy for Benign Brain Tumors

 Ch. 253: Interstitial and Intracavitary Irradiation of Brain Tumors

Brian J. Snyder, MD
Neurosurgeon
Neurological Surgery Group
Rockville Centre, New York

 Ch. 89: Surgical Treatment of Major Depression

Kenneth V. Snyder, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences
State University of New York at Buffalo
Buffalo, New York

 Ch. 351: Carotid Artery Angioplasty and Stenting

Robert A. Solomon, MD
Byron Stookey Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons;
Neurological Institute of New York
New York-Presbyterian Hospital
New York, New York

 Ch. 346: Circulatory Arrest with Deep Hypothermia

Volker K.H. Sonntag, MD
Vice Chairman, Emeritus
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 264: Overview and Historical Considerations

 Ch. 280: Anterior Approach for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

 Ch. 291: Basic Principles of Spinal Internal Fixation

 Ch. 297: Anterior Cervical Instrumentation

Leif Sørensen, MD
Consultant Neuroradiologist
Head of Neurointervention
Department of Neuroradiology
Aarhus University Hospital
Aarhus, Denmark

 Ch. 55: Neuroradiologic Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery

Sulpicio G. Soriano, MD
Professor
Department of Anaesthesia
Harvard Medical School;
Children's Hospital Endowed Chair in Pediatric Neuroanesthesia
Children's Hospital Boston
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 173: Neuroanesthesia in Children

Mark M. Souweidane, MD
Vice Chairman and Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Weill Cornell Medical College;
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 199: Supratentorial Hemispheric Tumors

Julian Spears, MD, SM, FRCSC, FACS
Assistant Professor
Division of Neurosurgery
Department of Surgery
Department of Medical Imaging
Co-Director
Neurovascular Program
St. Michael's Hospital
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 363: Perioperative Management of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

David Spencer, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurology
Oregon Health & Science University
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 63: Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy

Dennis D. Spencer, MD
Harvey and Kate Cushing Professor and Chair
Department of Neurosurgery
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 60: Intracranial Monitoring

Robert F. Spetzler, MD
Director and J. N. Harber Chair of Neurological Surgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona;
Professor
Department of Surgery
Section of Neurosurgery
University of Arizona College of Medicine
Tucson, Arizona

 Ch. 394: Supratentorial and Infratentorial Cavernous Malformations

 Ch. 395: Classification of Spinal Arteriovenous Lesions: Arteriovenous Fistulas and Arteriovenous Malformations

Robert J. Spinner, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurologic Surgery, Orthopedics, and Anatomy
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 242: Secondary Procedures for Brachial Plexus Injuries

Brett R. Stacey, MD
Professor
Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine
Division Chief, Pain Medicine
School of Medicine
Oregon Health & Science University;
Medical Director
Comprehensive Pain Center
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 158: Management of Pain by Anesthetic Techniques

William C. Stacey, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurology and Biomedical Engineering
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 169: Deep Brain Stimulation for Epilepsy

Robert M. Starke, MD, MSc
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 386: Adjuvant Endovascular Management of Brain Arteriovenous Malformations

 Ch. 387: Endovascular Management of Arteriovenous Malformations for Cure

Philip A. Starr, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 79: Pallidal Interventions for Parkinson's Disease

Gary K. Steinberg, MD, PhD
Bernard and Ronni Lacroute Professor of Neurosurgery and the Neurosciences
Director
Stanford Institute for Neuro-Innovation and Translational Neurosciences
Department of Neurosurgery
Stanford University School of Medicine;
Chief
Department of Neurosurgery
Stanford University Hospital and Clinics
Stanford, California

 Ch. 389: Surgical and Radiosurgical Management of Giant Arteriovenous Malformations

Frederick L. Stephens, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia

 Ch. 336: Traumatic and Penetrating Head Injuries

Barney J. Stern, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurology and Emergency Medicine
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 151: Sarcoidosis, Tuberculosis, and Xanthogranuloma

Charles B. Stevenson, MD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati, Ohio

 Ch. 292: Bone Graft Options, Bone Graft Substitutes, and Bone Harvest Techniques

Eric Stiner, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 35: Shunting

Scellig Stone, MD
Resident
Division of Neurosurgery
Department of Surgery
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 84: Emerging and Experimental Neurosurgical Treatments for Parkinson's Disease

Nicole L. Stroud, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital;
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 342: Rehabilitation of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury

Robert Morgan Stuart, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 302: Anterior Lumbar Instrumentation

Brian R. Subach, MD, FACS
Director of Research
Virginia Spine Institute
Spinal Research Foundation
Reston, Virginia

 Ch. 266: Biomaterials and Biomechanics of Spinal Arthroplasty

Patrick A. Sugrue, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 277: Fungal and Tubercular Infections of the Spine

Dima Suki, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 130: Metastatic Brain Tumors

Wale A.R. Sulaiman, MD, PhD, FRCS(C)
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Tulane University School of Medicine;
Medical Director
Ochsner Spine Center
Director
Laboratory of Neural Injury and Regeneration
Ochsner Health System
New Orleans, Louisiana

 Ch. 230: Pathophysiology of Surgical Nerve Disorders

Daniel L. Surdell, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Nebraska Medical Center
Alegent Health Bergan Mercy Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska

 Ch. 373: Microsurgery of Basilar Apex Aneurysms

William W. Sutherling, MD
Medical Director
Epilepsy and Brain Mapping Program
Pasadena, California

 Ch. 55: Neuroradiologic Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery

Leslie N. Sutton, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine;
Chief
Department of Neurosurgery
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 202: Cerebellar Astrocytomas

Omar N. Syed, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 274: Metabolic and Other Nondegenerative Causes of Low Back Pain

 Ch. 300: Anterior Thoracic Instrumentation

Michele Tagliati, MD, FAAN
Associate Professor
Director of Movement Disorders
Department of Neurology
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 76: Patient Selection Criteria for Deep Brain Stimulation in Movement Disorders

Yasushi Takagi, MD, PhD
Outside Lecturer
Department of Neurosurgery
Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine
Kyoto, Japan;
Director
Neurosurgery and Stroke Center
Fukui Red-Cross Hospital
Fukui, Japan

 Ch. 356: Adult Moyamoya Disease

Rafael J. Tamargo, MD, FACS
Walter E. Dandy Professor of Neurosurgery
Director
Division of Cerebrovascular Neurosurgery
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 368: Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms

Caroline C. Tan, MD
Consultant Neurosurgeon
Eastbourne Neurosurgery
Melbourne, Australia;
Senior Clinical Lecturer
Medical School
Deakin University
Victoria, Australia

 Ch. 343: Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism and Cerebral Ischemia

Nitin Tandon, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas Medical School at Houston
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 276: Infections of the Spine

Marcos Tatagiba, MD, PhD
Chairman and Director
Neurosurgery Department
University of Tübingen
Tübingen, Germany

 Ch. 116: Basic Principles of Skull Base Surgery

Michael D. Taylor, MD, PhD
Associate Professor of Surgery
Division of Neurosurgery
Program in Developmental and Stem Cell Biology
Hospital for Sick Children
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 200: Ependymoma

Steven A. Telian, MD
John L. Kemink Professor of Neurotology
Department of Otolaryngology
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 92: Treatment of Intractable Vertigo

Charles Teo, MBBS, FRACS
Director
Centre for Minimally Invasive Neurosurgery
Prince of Wales Private Hospital
Randwick, Australia

 Ch. 119: Endoscopic Approaches to Brain Tumors

Jeffrey M. Tessier, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor
Division of Infectious Diseases
Department of Medicine
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia

 Ch. 39: Basic Science of Central Nervous System Infections

Khoi D. Than, MD, PhD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 398: Pregnancy and the Vascular Lesion

Kamal Thapar, MD, PhD, FRCSC
Marshfield Clinic
Medical Director
Neurosurgery
Chairman
Tertiary Care Services
Sacred Heart Hospital
Eau Claire, Wisconsin

 Ch. 134: Pituitary Tumors: Functioning and Nonfunctioning

Nicholas Theodore, MD, FACS
Chief
Spine Section
Division of Neurosurgery
Barrow Neurological Institute;
Adjunct Professor
School of Life Sciences
Arizona State University
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 306: Thoracoscopic Approaches to the Spine

B. Gregory ThompsonJr, MD
Professor and J. E. McGillicuddy Chair
Departments of Neurosurgery, Radiology, and Otolaryngology
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, Michigan

 Ch. 398: Pregnancy and the Vascular Lesion

Robert Tiel,, MD†
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Mississippi
Jackson, Mississippi

Deceased.

 Ch. 243: Nerve Injuries of the Lower Extremity

Tarik Tihan, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Pathology
Neuropathology Division
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 99: Proliferation Markers in the Evaluation of Gliomas

Ann Tilton, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
New Orleans, Louisiana

 Ch. 225: Clinical Features and Management of Cerebral Palsy

Shelly D. Timmons, MD, PhD, FACS
Associate Professor and Chief
Neurotrauma Division
The University of Tennessee Health Science Center;
Neurosurgeon
Department of Neurosurgery
Semmes-Murphey Neurologic and Spine Institute
Memphis, Tennessee

 Ch. 338: Indications and Techniques for Cranial Decompression after Traumatic Brain Injury

Maria Toledo, MD
Cerebrovascular and Skull Base Fellow
Division of Neurological Surgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
St Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center
Phoenix, Arizona;
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Puerto Rico School of Medicine
San Juan, Puerto Rico

 Ch. 395: Classification of Spinal Arteriovenous Lesions: Arteriovenous Fistulas and Arteriovenous Malformations

Tadanori Tomita, MD
Yeager Professor and Chairman
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Children's Memorial Hospital;
Professor and Vice Chair
Department of Neurological Surgery
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 195: Optic Pathway Hypothalamic Gliomas

Nestor D. Tomycz, MD
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 318: Diagnosis and Management of Thoracic Spine Fractures

Napoleon Torres, MD, PhD
Neurosurgeon and Researcher
Laboratory of Electronic and Information Technology
LETI CLINATEC
Grenoble, France

 Ch. 80: Subthalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease

Charles P. Toussaint, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University Specialty Clinics
University of South Carolina School of Medicine
Columbia, South Carolina

 Ch. 236: Distal Entrapment Syndromes: Carpal Tunnel, Cubital Tunnel, Peroneal, and Tarsal Tunnel

Bruce D. Trapp, PhD
Chairman
Department of Neurosciences
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 6: Neurons and Neuroglia

Vincent C. Traynelis, MD
Vice Chairman and Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 313: Evaluation and Management of Craniocervical Dissociation

R. Shane Tubbs, MS, PA-C, PhD
Anatomist and Researcher
Children's Hospital
Birmingham, Alabama

 Ch. 179: Chiari Malformations

 Ch. 217: Tethered Spinal Cord: Fatty Filum Terminale, Meningocele Manqué, and Dermal Sinus Tracts

Luis M. Tumialán, MD
Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 296: Spinopelvic Fixation

Allan R. Tunkel, MD, PhD, MACP
Professor
Department of Medicine
Drexel University College of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
Chair
Department of Medicine
Monmouth Medical Center
Long Branch, New Jersey

 Ch. 43: Brain Abscess

Atsushi Umemura, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medicine
Nagoya, Japan

 Ch. 65: Topectomy and Multiple Subpial Transection

Alexander R. Vaccaro, MD, PhD
The Everrett J. and Marion Gordon Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Jefferson Medical College
Thomas Jefferson University;
Co-Director
Delaware Valley Spinal Cord Injury Center;
Co-Chief and Co-Director
Spine Surgery
Thomas Jefferson Medical Center
The Rothman Institute
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 319: Thoracolumbar Trauma

Koen van Besien, MD
Professor
Department of Medicine
Section of Hematology/Oncology
Director
Stem Cell Transplant Program
University of Chicago Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 45: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Jerrold L. Vitek, MD, PhD
Chair
Department of Neurology
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota

 Ch. 83: Deep Brain Stimulation: Mechanisms of Action

Kenneth P. Vives, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut

 Ch. 60: Intracranial Monitoring

Timothy W. Vogel, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
Iowa City, Iowa

 Ch. 218: Developmental Abnormalities of the Craniocervical Junction

Michael A. Vogelbaum, MD, PhD, FACS
Associate Director
Brain Tumor and Neurological Center
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 105: Barriers to Delivery of Therapeutics to Brain Tumors

Dennis G. Vollmer, MD
Neurosurgeon
Colorado Brain and Spine Institute
Englewood, Colorado

 Ch. 264: Overview and Historical Considerations

 Ch. 276: Infections of the Spine

 Ch. 312: Assessment of the Cervical Spine after Trauma

Gretchen K. Von Allmen, MD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Pediatrics and Neurology
Division of Child and Adolescent Neurology
The University of Texas Medical School at Houston
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 67: Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Intractable Epilepsy

Kajetan L. von Eckardstein, MD
Fellow
Department of Neurosurgery
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota;
Consultant in Neurosurgery
Göttingen University Medical Center
Göttingen, Germany

 Ch. 381: Multimodality Management of Complex Cerebrovascular Lesions

P. Ashley Wackym, MD, FACS, FAAP
Vice President of Research
Legacy Health;
President
Ear and Skull Base Institute
Portland, Oregon

 Ch. 14: Neurotology

Mark Wainwright, MD, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Pediatrics
Divisions of Neurology and Critical Care Medicine
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine;
Attending Physician
Children's Memorial Hospital
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 174: Neurocritical Care in Children

Ben Waldau, MD
Chief Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina

 Ch. 57: Motor, Sensory, and Language Mapping and Monitoring for Cortical Resections

 Ch. 337: Blast-Induced Neurotrauma

Marion L. Walker, MD
Professor
Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery
University of Utah Health Sciences Center
Primary Children's Medical Center
Salt Lake City, Utah

 Ch. 178: Arachnoid Cysts

 Ch. 180: Craniopagus Twins

M. Christopher Wallace, MD, FACS, FRCS(C)
Professor
Division of Neurosurgery
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 367: Intracranial Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysms

Brian Walsh, MD
Staff Neurosurgeon
Neurological Institute and Spine Center
Dean Clinic and St. Mary's Hospital
Madison, Wisconsin

 Ch. 313: Evaluation and Management of Craniocervical Dissociation

Huan Wang, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 242: Secondary Procedures for Brachial Plexus Injuries

Michael Y. Wang, MD, FACS
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 271: Bone Metabolism and Osteoporosis and Its Effects on Spinal Disease and Surgical Treatments

 Ch. 282: Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and Other Enthesopathies

Vincent Y. Wang, MD
Clinical Instructor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 23: Intracranial Pressure Monitoring

Ronald E. Warnick, MD
Professor of Neurosurgery
Director
University of Cincinnati Brain Tumor Center;
Vice Chairman for Business Affairs
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Cincinnati Neuroscience Institute
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine;
Mayfield Clinic
Cincinnati, Ohio

 Ch. 117: Surgical Complications of Brain Tumors and Their Avoidance

Sharon Webb, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of South Carolina Specialty Clinics
Columbia, South Carolina

 Ch. 338: Indications and Techniques for Cranial Decompression after Traumatic Brain Injury

Ralf Weigel, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
University Hospital
Mannheim Clinic
Mannheim, Germany

 Ch. 38: Medical and Surgical Management of Chronic Subdural Hematomas

Robert J. Weil, MD
Staff Physician
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

 Ch. 9: Cerebral Edema

Jon D. Weingart, MD
Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Oncology
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 114: Frame and Frameless Stereotactic Brain Biopsy

 Ch. 115: Basic Principles of Cranial Surgery for Brain Tumors

Bryce Weir, MD, OC, FRCSC, FACS, FRCSEd(hon)
Maurice Goldblatt Professor Emeritus
Departments of Surgery and Neurology
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois

 Ch. 363: Perioperative Management of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Martin Weiss, MD
Professor
Martin H. Weiss Chair in Neurological Surgery
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 25: Surgical Planning: Overview

Nirit Weiss, MD, MBA
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York

 Ch. 22: Avoidance of Complications in Neurosurgery

William C. Welch, MD, FACS, FICS
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania;
Chief
Department of Neurosurgery
Pennsylvania Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 295: Nucleoplasty and Posterior Dynamic Stabilization Systems

John C. WellonsIII, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Children's Hospital
Birmingham, Alabama

 Ch. 217: Tethered Spinal Cord: Fatty Filum Terminale, Meningocele Manqué, and Dermal Sinus Tracts

Hung Tzu Wen, MD, PhD
Assistant Professor
Division of Neurosurgery
Hospital Das Clinicas
University of São Paulo
São Paulo, Brazil;
Former Research Fellow
Former Co-Clinical Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida;
Attending Neurosurgeon
Hospital Samaritano
Sao Paulo, Brazil

 Ch. 2: Surgical Anatomy of the Brain

Christian Wess, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
University Hospital of Zurich
Zurich, Switzerland

 Ch. 138: Ventricular Tumors

G. Alexander West, MD, PhD
Neurosurgeon
Colorado Brain and Spine Institute
Swedish Medical Center
Englewood, Colorado

 Ch. 382: Traumatic Cerebral Aneurysms Secondary to Penetrating Intracranial Injuries

Nicholas M. Wetjen, MD
Assistant Professor
Departments of Neurologic Surgery and Pediatrics
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine;
Senior Associate Consultant
Pediatric Neurosurgeon
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 178: Arachnoid Cysts

 Ch. 220: Cervical Spine Disorders in Children

Robert G. Whitmore, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 32: Cranioplasty

Louis A. Whitworth, MD
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurological Surgery and Radiation Oncology
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas

 Ch. 157: Pharmacologic Treatment of Pain

Thomas Wichmann, MD
Professor
Department of Neurology
Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia

 Ch. 73: Rationale for Surgical Interventions in Movement Disorders

Joseph L. Wiemels, PhD
Associate Professor
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 106: Epidemiology of Brain Tumors

Eelco F.M. Wijdicks, MD, PhD, FACP
Professor
Department of Neurology
Chair
Division of Critical Care Neurology
Mayo Clinic College of Medicine
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota

 Ch. 24: Principles of Neurocritical Care

Adam C. Wilberger, BS
Department of Neurosurgery
Allegheny General Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 37: Pathophysiology of Subdural Hematomas

Jack Wilberger, MD, FACE
Professor and Chairman
Department of Neurosurgery
Allegheny General Hospital
Drexel University College of Medicine;
Vice President
Graduate Medical Education
Allegheny General Hospital
Western Pennsylvania Hospital Medical Education Consortium
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 37: Pathophysiology of Subdural Hematomas

David M. Wildrick, PhD
Surgery Publications Program Manager
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas

 Ch. 130: Metastatic Brain Tumors

Jason Wilson, MD, MS
Skullbase Fellow
Goodman and Campbell Brain and Spine
Indianapolis, Indiana

 Ch. 345: Intraoperative Cerebral Protection

Christopher J. Winfree, MD
Assistant Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons;
Neurological Institute of New York
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 170: Diagnosis and Management of Painful Neuromas

H. Richard Winn, MD
Professor and Director of Neurosurgery
Lenox Hill Hospital
New York, New York;
Hofstra University
Hempstead, New York;
Adjunct Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa;
Clinical Professor
Weill Cornell Medical College
Columbia University
Mount Sinai School of Medicine
New York, New York;
Visiting Professor of Surgery (Neurosurgery)
Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital
Kathmandu, Nepal

 Ch. 8: Blood-Brain Barrier

 Ch. 337: Blast-Induced Neurotrauma

 Ch. 360: The Natural History of Cerebral Aneurysms

 Ch. 362: Surgical Decision Making for the Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms

 Ch. 365: Surgical Approaches to Intracranial Aneurysms

Christopher Wolfla, MD
Associate Professor

Department of Neurosurgery
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

 Ch. 299: Posterior Subaxial and Cervicothoracic Instrumentation

Eric T. Wong, MD
Associate Professor
Department of Neurology
Harvard Medical School;
Co-Director
Brain Tumor Center
Director
Neuro-Oncology Unit
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 104: Angiogenesis and Brain Tumors: Molecular Targets and Molecular Scalpels

Peter J. Wormald, MD, MBChB, FRACS, FCS(SA), FRCS
Chairman
Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Universities of Adelaide and Flinders
Adelaide, Australia

 Ch. 341: Traumatic Cerebrospinal Fluid Fistulas

Margaret Wrensch, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 106: Epidemiology of Brain Tumors

Neill M. Wright, MD
Herbert Lourie Professor of Neurological Surgery
Associate Professor
Departments of Neurological and Orthopaedic Surgery
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri

 Ch. 298: Occiput, C1, and C2 Instrumentation

Zachary Wright, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Allegheny General Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 58: Auditory Language Mapping

David Yam
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
The University of Tennessee
Memphis, Tennessee

 Ch. 198: Pediatric Craniopharyngioma

Shinya Yamada, MD
Department of Neurosurgery
Tokai University Oiso Hospital
Kanagawa, Japan

 Ch. 188: Cerebrospinal Fluid Physiology

Yoshiya Yamada, MD, FRCPC
Associate Attending Physician
Department of Radiation Oncology
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York

 Ch. 262: Stereotactic Radiosurgery for the Treatment of Spinal Metastases

Isaac Yang, MD
Resident
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco, California

 Ch. 68: Radiosurgical Treatment of Epilepsy

Victor X.D. Yang, MD, MASc, PhD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Toronto
Toronto, Canada

 Ch. 269: Intraoperative Monitoring of the Spinal Cord and Nerve Roots

Tom Yao, MD
Co-Director
Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
Co-Director
Stroke Program
Norton Neuroscience Institute
Louisville, Kentucky

 Ch. 292: Bone Graft Options, Bone Graft Substitutes, and Bone Harvest Techniques

Chun-Po Yen, MD
Fellow
Division of Neuro-oncology
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia

 Ch. 249: The Radiobiology and Physics of Radiosurgery

H. Kwang Yeoh, MD
Resident
Department of Neurosurgery
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 321: Osteoporotic Fractures: Evaluation and Treatment with Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty

Yasuhiro Yonekawa, MD
Professor Emeritus
University of Zurich;
Consultant
Im Park Clinic
Zurich, Switzerland

 Ch. 356: Adult Moyamoya Disease

Alice Yoo, MD
Surgical Pathologist
Swedish Medical Center
Englewood, Colorado

 Ch. 382: Traumatic Cerebral Aneurysms Secondary to Penetrating Intracranial Injuries

David M. Yousem, MD, MBA
Director
Division of Neuroradiology
Vice Chairman of Program Development
Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences
The Johns Hopkins Health System
Baltimore, Maryland

 Ch. 109: Radiologic Features of Central Nervous System Tumors

Eric C. Yuen, MD
Associate Director of Clinical Research
Department of Clinical Neuroscience
Merck Research Laboratories
West Point, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 232: Electrodiagnostic Evaluation of Peripheral Nerves: Electromyography and Nerve Conduction Studies

Joseph M. Zabramski, MD
Chief
Section of Cerebrovascular Surgery
Division of Neurological Surgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 392: Natural History of Cavernous Malformations

Andrew C. Zacest, MBBS
Abbie Simpson Clinical Fellow
University of Adelaide;
Neurosurgeon
Royal Adelaide Hospital
Adelaide, Australia

 Ch. 63: Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy

 Ch. 153: Pain: General Historical Considerations

J. Christopher Zacko, MD
Fellow
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida

 Ch. 327: Neurochemical Pathomechanisms in Traumatic Brain Injury

 Ch. 335: Surgical Management of Traumatic Brain Injury

Gabriel Zada, MD
Clinical Instructor and Resident Supervisor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine
Los Angeles, California

 Ch. 25: Surgical Planning: Overview

 Ch. 372: Basilar Trunk Aneurysms

Ross Zafonte, DO
Earl P. and Ida S. Charlton Professor of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Harvard Medical School;
Vice President
Medical Affairs
Spaulding Rehabilitation Network;
Chief
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 342: Rehabilitation of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury

Eric L. Zager, MD, FACS
Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

 Ch. 236: Distal Entrapment Syndromes: Carpal Tunnel, Cubital Tunnel, Peroneal, and Tarsal Tunnel

 Ch. 237: Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Hasan A. Zaidi, MD
Resident
Division of Neurosurgery
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona

 Ch. 98: Brain Tumor Stem Cells

Hekmat Zarzour, MD
Clinical Fellow
Department of Radiology
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts

 Ch. 139: Overview of Skull Base Tumors

Vasilios A. Zerris, MD, MPH, MMSc
Vice-Chairman and Chief
Department of Neurosurgery
Texas A & M University Medical Center
Scott and White Hospital
College Station, Texas

 Ch. 94: Neuroprosthetics

Justin A. Zivin, MD, PhD
Professor
Department of Neurosciences
University of California, San Diego;
Staff Neurologist
Department of Neurology
San Diego Veterans Affairs Medical Center
San Diego, California

 Ch. 344: Acute Medical Management of Ischemic/Hemorrhagic Stroke

John G. Zovickian, MD, FACS
Attending Pediatric Neurosurgeon
Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery
Regional Center for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Kaiser Permanente Hospitals, Northern California
Oakland, California;
Clinical Instructor
Department of Neurological Surgery
University of California, Davis
Sacramento, California

 Ch. 224: Pediatric Vertebral Column and Spinal Cord Injuries

Alexander Y. Zubkov, MD, PhD, FAHA
Director
Stroke Center
Fairview Southdale Hospital
Minneapolis Clinic of Neurology
Edina, Minnesota

 Ch. 24: Principles of Neurocritical Care

Marike Zwienenberg-Lee, MD
Assistant Clinical Professor
Department of Neurosurgery
Pediatric Neurosurgeon
University of California, Davis
Davis, California

 Ch. 331: Clinical Pathophysiology of Traumatic Brain Injury